Illegal migration into South Africa and its National Security impact

Tau, Matlhomola Lesley
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The main concern about the growing number of illegal or undocumented migrants moving into South Africa has been the influence on risks of this illegal migration to national security. The purpose of this research was to highlight the extent of illegal migration into South Africa and its impact on national security. As a result the study proposed policy and institutional options to address this problem. Through literature reviews, documentary analysis, interviews, and observation, it materialised that the South African government is fragmented in its efforts, without the required legislation, systems, capacity, and level of security require-to enforce compliance and to secure its borders. This compromises the border controls and exposes South Africa to illegal migration, resulting in conflicts between local citizens and migrants-and transnational crimes. South Africa should apply stronger governance measures to enhance the knowledge construct of these issues in the context of global and African development. Such measures may include clearly defined comprehensive, integrated, coordinated migration policies and practice, based on security, economic, social and development concerns
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Commerce, Law and Management, University of Witwatersrand, in 50% fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Management (in the field of Security), 2021
illegal migrants, South Africa, Immigration, illegal migration, National security, South African government