The effect of entrepreneurial selfefficacy, experience, and education on entrepreneurial intention among black South African female youth
In order to advance the study of entrepreneurship, this quantitative study assessed the impact of prior entrepreneurial exposure, entrepreneurship education, and entrepreneurial self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intention of female, black South African youth. The moderating impact of entrepreneurial self-efficacy on the relationship between entrepreneurship education and intention as well as between prior entrepreneurial exposure and intention were assessed. The data was collected among 278 female, black South African youth, using a questionnaire that was scripted on Qualtrics. Regression analysis was conducted to assess the hypotheses. The results revealed that both entrepreneurship education and prior entrepreneurial exposure had a direct significant positive impact on entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy did not significantly moderate the relationship between both entrepreneurship education and intention as well as between prior entrepreneurial exposure and entrepreneurial intention. The key message from this study was that entrepreneurial intention is dependent on whether one had a positive prior entrepreneurial exposure and was also exposed to entrepreneurship education. It was concluded that the impact of entrepreneurship education and prior entrepreneurial exposure is not dependent on one’s entrepreneurial self-efficacy.
A research report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Management in Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation to the Faculty of Commerce, Law and Management, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2020