Volume 38 2002

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    Palaeontologia africana Volume 38
    (Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research, 2002)
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    Permian trace fossils attributed to tetrapods (Tierberg Formation, Karoo Basin, South Africa)
    (Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research, 2002) van Dijk, D. E.; Channing, A.; van den Heever, J. A.
    The discovery of a paving slab with a number of prints suggestive of footprints of tetrapods led to a reinvestigation of a trace fossil, known from three localities, of which only two photographs had been published, each with only four prints. The slab was traced to a previously unrecorded site, De Puts, near Calvinia, located in the Tierberg Formation of the Ecca Group of the Karoo Supergroup. The prints from all the sites are referred to Broomichnium permianum Kuhn 1958, of which Quadrispinichna parvia of Anderson 1974 is a synonym.
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    Replacement names for the therapsid genera Criocephalus Broom 1928 and Olivieria Brink 1965.
    (Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research, 2002) Kammerer, Christian F.; Sidor, Christian A.
    Our knowledge of premammalian synapsid evolutionary history has benefited from over a hundred years of fossil collecting, especially within the Permo-Triassic sediments of South Africa's Beaufort Group (Rubidge 1995) and the Cis-Ural region of Eastern Europe (Ivachnenko et al. 1997). In the course of our research and discussions we have discovered several errors in the present state of non-mammalian synapsid taxonomy. Here we propose emendations concerning the genera Criocephalus Broom 1928 and Olivieria Brink 1965.
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    Palaeozoic insects of southern Africa: a review
    (Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research, 2002) Geertsema, H.; van Dijk, D. E.; van den Heever, J. A.
    Although a substantial number of Triassic insect fossils have been discovered in southern Africa, relatively few insect fossils are known from the Permian deposits of this region. Fossil insects from the Permian period elsewhere, including the extensive entomological fauna from Eastern Europe (including Russia), Brazil and Australia is well-documented. The Irati Formation in the Parana Basin of Brazil, the temporal and lithological correlate of the Permian Whitehill Formation of South Africa, has yielded fossil insects belonging to Homoptera, N europtera, Coleoptera and Mecoptera. Fossil insects from the Whitehill Formation are usually poorly preserved and only seven specimens are mentioned in the literature. An overview is given of the more recent discoveries of Permian fossil insects in South Africa. This includes the discovery of the oldest beetle in Africa, the oldest longhorned grasshopper in the Southern Hemisphere and a survey of the Permian insects from the Beaufort Group of Natal. Reasons for the paucity of Permian insects are briefly discussed.
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    Permian trace fossils attributed to tetrapods (Tierberg Formation, Karoo Basin, South Africa)
    (Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research, 2002) van Dijk, D E; Channing, A; van den Heever, J A
    The discovery of a paving slab with a number of prints suggestive of footprints of tetrapods led to a reinvestigation of a trace fossil, known from three localities, of which only two photographs had been published, each with only four prints. The slab was traced to a previously unrecorded site, De Puts, near Calvinia, located in the Tierberg Formation of the Ecca Group of the Karoo Supergroup. The prints from all the sites are referred to Broomichnium permianum Kuhn 1958, of which Quadrispinichna parvia of Anderson 1974 is a synonym.