*Electronic Theses and Dissertations (Masters)

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    Assessing the impact of covid-19 on monitoring and evaluation functions of the gauteng department of health
    (2023) Dlamini, Nqobile Minenhle; Pophiwa, Nedson
    The Covid-19 pandemic brought unprecedented challenges that required enforced adaptation in all aspects of human life globally. With such an outbreak the government sector was forced to develop mitigation factors and implement precautionary measures useful for curbing the pandemic. Hence, the research focuses on the Gauteng Department of Health as it is at the forefront of the healthcare sector. The main research objective is to understand ways in which the pandemic disrupts the Gauteng Department of Health’s Monitoring and Evaluation functions mechanisms adopted to ensure function continuity. Therefore, it was also important to understand the tools and mechanisms that were adopted and how the pandemic changed their implementation. A total of 10 key participants within the department were interviewed and a question guide was used as a data collection tool during the interview process. The participants interviewed were purposively sampled as a form of non-probability sampling. This study is a qualitative case study research design with an exploratory research approach. During the interview process, the majority of the participants indicated that lockdowns, restrictions on travel, isolations, quarantines, and the shutdown of non-essential activities were highly implemented. However, these restrictions impacted how raw data was collected in the field. Remote data collection had to be introduced and it became common because face-to-face data collection was limited due to contracting the virus. The findings of this study revealed that the Monitoring and Evaluation practices in the department were no longer treated as a priority due to the urgent response to the pandemic. The data that has been collected throughout the research indicates that there are ways in which Monitoring and Evaluation can be developed and innovated. The study also highlighted the best possible interventions or recommendations that can be taken into consideration should a pandemic of this nature arise in the future. This becomes a contribution to the knowledge gap concerning the disruption of an unexpected pandemic
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    Contribution of the expanded public works programme to effective and sustainable skills transfer and local economic development: a case study
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023) Cuthbert, Mathew John; Pillay, P.
    This research aimed to explore the contribution of the Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP) to effective and sustainable skills transfer and local economic development in the City of Ekurhuleni. This report followed a qualitative methodological approach and provided a rich detailed thematic analysis of the data gathered. The report found that public works programmes such as the EPWP and the Vuk’uphile Contractor Learnership Programme made an important contribution to upskilling participants through training and practical experience as well as local economic development through the employment of local labour and the provision of infrastructure within communities. However, it did find that challenges such as the limited number of projects allocated to emerging contractors, the program's structure which failed to account for participants varying skill levels, and the lack of locally skilled labour, as challenges that require the attention of policymakers
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    Foreign direct investment and economic growth in South Africa during the Covid-19 era
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023-03) Chigeza, Tinotenda Lina; Pillay, Pundy
    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been an essential source of sustainable and inclusive economic growth in South Africa. The need to attract FDI to boost economic growth, create employment opportunities, and supplement domestic expenditure is embedded in South Africa's past and present economic policies and frameworks. FDI can bring numerous benefits to various stakeholders including the host country government, which gains increased tax revenues; local businesses through partnerships and supply opportunities and local communities through improved infrastructure development and access to resources and services. FDI inflows to South Africa have been volatile over the past decade, with periods of significant inflows followed by downturns. The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant negative impact on the South African economy, leading to a decrease in FDI inflows and a contraction in GDP. This report provides an overview of FDI inflows in South Africa, its contribution to economic growth, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on FDI in South Africa. The report reviews existing literature on the relationship between FDI and economic growth and discusses the factors influencing FDI inflows to South Africa. Furthermore, the report examines the measures implemented by the South African government to attract FDI. To truly promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth the South African government must address the challenges investors face, such as policy uncertainties, regulatory hurdles, and infrastructure limitations. Furthermore, the government must channel efforts into empowering local businesses, improving education and healthcare, and investing in infrastructure that benefits all citizens. While FDI can bring some advantages, it should not come at the cost of neglecting domestic initiatives that foster self-reliance and equitable development. The report recommends that the government should promote sectors with high potential for FDI, such as renewable energy, and ensure that FDI contributes to technology transfer and knowledge sharing with domestic industries. The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted FDI, but the country has the potential to recover and attract long-term FDI in the future
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    Effectiveness of Xenowatch’s monitoring of xenophobic violence in South Africa
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023-03) Charuma, Tinevimbo; Pophiwa, Nedson
    With increasing occurrence of xenophobic violence incidents in South Africa it becomes imperative to come up with solutions that are more effective. Key to reducing and preventing the incidents is monitoring of xenophobic violence for better evidence-informed anti-xenophobic policy interventions. In South Africa at present there is no state institution that focuses on tracking and tracing the patterns and trends of xenophobic violence attacks which means that decisions to act or ignore are not based on any factual information. A growing point of literature suggests that societal issues do not have optimal solutions, hence they need to be data driven to effectively deal with problem communities are facing. However, in Africa and in South Africa data driven and evidence- based decision making is limited in both public and private sectors. This study aimed at exploring how monitoring of xenophobic violence is used for policy making and advocacy work. A case study approach was used which focused on the monitoring of xenophobic violence by Xenowatch an independent institution. Within the case study key informant interviews were conducted with ten participants which comprised of three from Xenowatch staff and the remaining from Xenowatch partner organizations who are also users of the data. All the participants were purposively selected due to their experience and expertise with migration issues which are greatly connected to xenophobic violence and also working for and working with Xenowatch. There is limited evidence of use of the Xenowatch monitoring data by government or state institutions. The data showed its strength in advocacy as the findings revealed several uses by civil society organizations which include lobbying, influencing policy change, used in court cases among others. The study also showed the challenges in both gathering and using monitoring data such as underreporting, definition of xenophobic violence for the former, and capacity (knowledge and resources which affects both civil society and government) for the latter. From the interviews different suggestions were given by both respondents from Xenowatch staff and their stakeholders on how to improve the use of monitoring results for advocacy and policy making
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    Barriers to the effective implementation of the performance management system in the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2022) Bham-Azam, Najma; Chikane, Rekgotsofetse
    The goal of this research paper was to pinpoint the barriers preventing the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality from successfully implementing the performance management system. The data acquired from the semi-structured interviews with 5 important performance management stakeholders from the City of Johannesburg underwent a themed content analysis. A deeper understanding of the challenges resulted from the themes and shared characteristics found among all responders. This led to the creation of a list of prioritised barriers that the performance management stakeholders considered were to blame for the City of Johannesburg's performance management system's ineffective implementation. The research findings indicate that “inaccurate measures” is the barrier preventing the City from effectively implementing its performance management system. The second and third most significant barriers are "lack of executive and leadership support" and "lack of rewards. The findings on the Balanced-Scorecard tied to the problems that were uncovered under the “inaccurate measures” barriers. The main takeaway from this research study is that line managers must actively participate in the implementation of the performance management system at the City of Johannesburg and increase their efforts to reduce the obstacles that prevent the successful implementation of the performance management system at the City of Johannesburg
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    Public participation in achieving Social Justice within the Upper Vaal Water Management Area
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023) Baloyi, Tsholofelo Molatelo Lucretius
    Public participation promotes the democratic rights of individuals and communities in South Africa within the Integrated Water Resource Management framework. Public institutions are responsible for managing public participation in ensuring social justice. However, little work has been done to understand their public participation institutional arrangements. Public participation ineffectively managed creates mistrust among the public and may contribute to misinterpretations and conflict during project management. Insufficient public participation might be contributed to the limited knowledge on the subject matter, the limitation of accessing the information, or, the socio-economic conditions of stakeholders. This study conducted interviews, which were thematically constructed by using the Social Justice Framework. In ensuring fairness during the decision-making processes, the study also assessed EIAs deducted from issued Water Use Licences to make inferences on the management of public participation within the Upper Vaal Water Management Area. The study found that the regulatory guidelines and standards needed to be reviewed to improve the participation processes, that the existing intergovernmental relationships were mismanaged and that marginalized groups are excluded during the decision-making processes within the Integrated Water Resources Management framework. The Department of Water and Sanitation in its efforts to decentralize water resources management, needs to improve its policies and the management of public participation
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    Intersecting Public- Private and Civil Sector Governance of Gender Transformation in Sports in South Africa
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023-02) Ndzala, Vuyelwa; Abrahams, Caryn
    South Africa is a developing country with gender equality being one of the leading priorities since the democratic transition of 1994. is ushered by several stakeholders who have an important role in the governance of gender transformation. As an essential element for development, sports require for an implementation of coordinated strategies, wherein which multi- stakeholders both in the public, private and civil sector can play prescriptive, regulatory, technical as well financial support roles. Some of these roles could include leadership in sports. Yet, issues of inequality, inadequate sports women professionals and administrators is engulfed for more than two decades into democracy in the country. Unequal representation in decision-making positions, pay parity, femicide and gender-based violence, inadequate investment, repetitive negative stereotypes as well as codified norms are some of the visible ills experienced by women in the society as well as in sports. The research began with gender transformation phenomenon as a background to the study drawing into the governance of sports and role players in the sports system in South Africa to provide a summative framework for gender transformation in sports. The theoretical argument suggests that good governance in sports is largely dependent on the how adequately and transparently defined are roles and responsibilities and functions of the partaking stakeholders. Also, on how well the monitoring and evaluation strategies are enforced by the governing organization. Mainstreaming gender equality polices, and strategies is key, and, unless all stakeholders adopt and implement policies including regulatory frameworks to monitor and evaluate these, gender mainstream in sports could have long-lasting impact for women. In this regard, women and girl players across sports codes should not have unequal opportunities in sports relative to their male counterparts. Women have been deprived access to sports participation or being in sport leadership positions. The literature review shows that some underlying factors including exclusions on account of social beliefs and expectations, socio-cultural expectations, inadequate publicity and media coverage, access to participation, funding and poor governance affects optimal participation of women and young girls in sports in South Africa. The primary research objective was to examine the roles and responsibilities of the public-private and civil sector in gender transformation in sports, how the roles and responsibilities intersect and what interactions are involved between the various stakeholders to ensure gender transformation in sports. The study used a qualitative research approach to gain better understanding of the problem, further, applied a purposive sample of knowledge experts including government sector, private sector, sport federation and non-government organisations (administrators/activists, decision- makers, employees, and sport persons) current and retired players, sports journalist, coaches, and clubs (women led, school, and community sports club) to participate in the empirical part of the study. To collect data, the researcher used semi-structured interviews (n=12), audio-recorded the interviews, transcribed and analysed the data using thematic analysis. The following six themes were identified from the data such as: (i) structural support for women and girls in sports, and (ii)gendered meanings of sporting inclusion, (iii) systemic and gendered exclusion, (iv) partnership and collaboration for social change and gender empowerment, and (v) re-shaping the imaginary of sport sponsorship and support. The findings confirmed that: a) public- private and civil sector organisations have a role to play in the transformation agenda and in sports, b) that there is inadequate support and coordination between the role players in favour in ushering gender transformation in sports, c) there is no central coordination of the roles and responsibilities. There is no clear strategy for collaboration of efforts between the role players, each of the entities work in isolation of the other d) there seems to be challenges in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the gender mainstream initiatives and affects the optimal of participation women sports in South Africa. The study enabled the researcher to develop a conceptual framework to address the problem. The framework suggests that all stakeholders (especially sports organisations) adopt and implement policies including regulatory frameworks to monitor and evaluate regulatory measures with the view to promote equality between women and men in sports. Adopt an intersectionality approach that will help to determine the differences the participation rates between the marginalised groups and to those among dominantly situated groups with a view to redress the patriarchal norms and systemic gendered exclusion in sports. Develop equality policies that are monitored and evaluated using scientific research and integrate those into actions that will contribute to progressive long-term change and amenable to respond to changes in response to local situations and specific environments. Develop a structured implementation platforms with concrete actions necessary to strengthen and structure of cooperation between stakeholders to develop their instruments, capacities, policies, and actions, while facilitating dialogue and exchange of experience. It is therefore concluded that women participation in sports in South Africa can only benefit from an investment (implementation) in such a framework that will demand all role players (public, private, and non-governmental organisations) to lead and cooperatively work together to change gender norms and stereotypes in sports in South Africa.
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    Analysing state capture through public procurement weaknesses in South Africa
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023) Aikins,Nana; Lynge, Halfdan
    This research report reviews and analyses the procurement system in South Africa concerning the legislative and institutional frameworks that govern state owned enterprises (SOEs). This study aims to assess the system's flaws and inherent weaknesses and highlight how these pitfalls have ultimately aided the phenomenon of state capture. It is a constitutional requirement that when organs of the state contract for goods and services, they do so in a fair, equitable, transparent, competitive and cost-effective manner. When a public organisation is captured by private interests, it loses its autonomy to act in the furtherance of public welfare, which manifests in its inability to contract competitively, achieving low prices and high quality. A postulation is made in this study that public procurement personnel lack the integrity and personal will to resist collusive behaviour and do not have the institutional strength to detect and withstand corrupt dealings that contribute towards state capture. Following the publication of the State Capture report by the Public Protector of South Africa in 2016, the concept has gained significant political momentum. However, despite this development, there has been a notable lack of academic research on the phenomena, particularly regarding its connection to public procurement. This research aims to fill this gap. This study draws most of its data from the transcripts of the hearings conducted by the Judicial Commission of Inquiry into State Capture. Through a qualitative explanatory case study approach, using thematic analysis, the study sought to understand the patterns of abuse that occur at each stage of the procurement cycle and what factors contributed to these transgressions. The findings of the study identified challenges associated with lack of capacity, non-compliance with legal policies, bid-rigging and collusive behaviour, and political interference
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    Influence of pan-african parliament in regional decision- making on conflict prevention and resolution
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023) Abanno, Ndidi Ugomma
    The establishment of the Pan-African Parliament as an institution of the African Union was prompted by the high incidence of conflict on the continent, and it is expected to play a role in addressing conflict. However, questions about the PAP's effectiveness in influencing regional conflict-related decision-making have arisen. The study used a combination of interviews, desk research, and participation in PAP sessions as a methodology for this study to explore this issue. The findings reveal that the PAP has consistently engaged in activities to prevent and resolve conflicts, such as debates on conflict-related issues in committees and the Plenary, fact-finding missions, promoting AU treaties, and developing Model Laws. However, the study also identifies factors limiting the PAP's influence in AU decision-making processes, including its limited legislative and budgetary powers and lack of coordination with pertinent AU institutions. To enhance its influence, the PAP needs to strengthen its institutional capacity to carry out non-legislative functions, particularly its oversight and representative powers. It must also establish a conflict intervention strategy and collaborative frameworks to improve synergies with AU institutions
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    Late payment mitigation mechanisms enacted by small construction businesses in the City of Johannesburg
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2021-11) Radebe, Malewa; Sarakinsky, Ivor
    A late payment is one of the challenges that threaten the lifespan and existence of most of the Small Micro-Medium Enterprises (SMMEs). This study investigated the mechanisms which are devised by the construction SMMEs based in the Inner City of Johannesburg and doing business with the City of Johannesburg Municipality. A purposive sampling technique was utilized in selecting a sample of 20 SMMEs managers and owners from the target population. The semi-formal interviews were telephonically conducted to collect data. The study made significant findings as the collected data was analyzed. All the interviewed SMMEs indicated that they have and continue to face late payments when doing sub-contracting to the main contractors who get tenders from the clients (City of Johannesburg entities). To remain in business, the SMMEs implement various mechanisms which include making loans from the banks, friends, and loan sharks, making use of personal funds, credit facilities by the suppliers, and instructing lawyers to chase payments on behalf of the SMMEs. Most of the identified mechanisms are not sustainable, hence the research probed the SMMEs about their suggestions on resolving the late payment issue. Based on these recommendations, the study further made recommendations that will ensure that the challenge is dealt with, furthermore, how the effective mechanisms can be applied across the industry so that the construction SMMEs can run stable businesses that will grow and develop.
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    Housing delivery challenges in Madelakufa informal settlement in Ekurhuleni
    (niversity of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2022) Potwana, Zanovuyo Evidence; Pillay, P.
    The report examines the underlying reasons why the community in Madelakufa informal settlement in the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (EMM) has no access to housing structures. The report explores economic, policy and political factors that influence the delivery of houses in Madelakufa. The research question aims at establishing why the community in Madelakufa informal settlement has no access to housing structures. The study is qualitative in nature. The data collected in the EMM reveals that municipal housing policy is aligned to the national housing policy framework and it covers government strategic documents like Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP), National Development Plan (NDP) and Medium Term Strategic Framework (MTSF). In addition, the municipal housing policy is linked and responsive to the needs of the EMM community. The main problem that is highlighted by the EMM management that blocks the delivery of houses in Madelakufa is the unavailability of habitable land. The land where the informal settlement is situated is not suitable for occupation because of the dolomite rock in the area. The municipal management outlined how policy implementation works, how programmes and projects are implemented based on the municipal housing policy and unpacked entire value chain of housing delivery and its relations to other spheres of government. Public participation and stakeholder engagements where Integrated Development Plan (IDP) processes are debated and discussed and petitions to the council are signed is crucial in order to understand the mandate, systems and process of the municipality. The report concludes that the reason why the community in Madelakufa informal settlement has no access to housing structures is the lack of access to land. Housing policies, programmes, projects are in place, the budget allocated for housing development is available and technical delivery skills are in abundance. In addition, economic factors like unemployment and low household income also contribute to non-access to housing.
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    Opportunities and challenges for Made in Africa Evaluation Capacity Development: South African experiences
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2022-10) Moilwa, Matshediso; Pophiwa, Nedson
    Made in Africa Evaluations (MAE) is an Afrocentric approach of conducting evaluations to reformulate western approaches of conducting evaluation. Indigenised evaluations differentiate evaluation approaches, methods and tools as informed by beneficiaries. Evaluation Capacity Development (ECD), on the other hand, focuses more on strengthening the skills, abilities, processes and resources of evaluation practices. ECD’s intention is to create support, that equips evaluators with the leadership support, resources and opportunities to use skills acquired to practice their skills. The aim of the study is to unpack the definition of MAE, understanding the tools, methods and approaches by interviewees. In order to gain insights on in what ways are South African evaluators incorporating Made in Africa Evaluation approaches and what are the opportunities as well as challenges for evaluation capacity development? The study used both the transformative/ emancipatory approach and indigenous paradigm to analyse the data gathered from literature review and interviews conducted. Interviewing an array of stakeholders including government, independent evaluators, private consultancies and VOPE’s. From the literature review conducted, the results of the study forked in its findings. With limited visibility and relevance of MAE in South African evaluations, the discussions focus more on M&E challenges in South Africa – looking at the barriers to entry for local evaluators; what are the skills and competencies required for professionalisation of M&E and what types of ECD initiatives are required to improve the M&E practice. The findings of the research are relevant to the wider study of M&E in South Africa and broadly Africa, on understanding the correlation between what types of ECD initiatives needed to strengthening M&E by getting on the ground experiences of challenges evaluators face
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    Assessment of Municipal Borrowing Policy Framework for Improved Infrastructure Financing
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023-01) Matsie, Moramahoele James; Khumalo, John
    Since the advent of democracy, there has been pressure to increase investments in public infrastructure. Municipalities are at the centre of socio-economic development and are best placed to redress historical infrastructure inequalities. This requires adequate budgets; however, the fiscal landscape has deteriorated significantly since the 2008 financial crisis. As a result, municipal budget allocations have been reduced. This has triggered a discourse on alternative municipal financing mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to determine the determinants of municipal borrowing and if the Municipal Borrowing Policy Framework has improved borrowing for infrastructure investment. The study elevates 15 determinants of municipal borrowing in the financial, socio-economic, political and governance, and institutional categories. The financial variables dominate the findings with a 60 percent prevalence rate. The top four determinants are poor municipal credit worthiness, poor municipal fiscal capacity and effort, overreliance on developmental funding and failure to crowd-in international funding, and non-payment of services
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    The significance of civic education on community participation to improve local government service delivery for Ratau and Mohlakeng community councils in Lesotho
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2022) Lefatsa, Khotso Andreas
    Citizens are continuously experiencing poor provision of service delivery in their communities. This poor service delivery to communities is due to low budgets given to councils, late funds to the councils from central government, lack of induction and training of councilors and council secretaries, non-implementation of decentralization policy and other resources such as shortage of technical human resource, poor connection of internet, lack of transport, poor means of communication and technological infrastructure. Service delivery to the communities faces these multiple mentioned challenges and requires consolidated civic education to promptly address poor service delivery challenges. The purpose of my research was to investigate the extent in which civic education through community participation improves local government service delivery for rural people of Mohlakeng and Ratau community councils. The main research question sought to find answers on how civic education through community participation improve service delivery at community level. The research assumed qualitative design approach. Individual questionnaires were used to collect data from 25 respondents. Purposive sampling technique was used to collect data, and thematic analysis was employed to analysis data. Research ethics principles were also maintained and adhered to during research execution. Conceptual and theoretical framework from literature were used to analysis the responds and understandings of respondents in relation to service delivery. The findings indicate that there are several challenges that might hinder provision of service delivery to communities as mentioned in first paragraph of this abstract. The findings further show that there is minimal/less influence of citizens/community members to demand services from the councils despite civic knowledge and skills gained from PISA. Findings further indicate that service delivery in both Ratau and Mohlakeng community councils were low or very poor.
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    Assessing the impact of the ‘checklist’ to address overcrowding in Gauteng prisons
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2022) Kanyane, Mpapa Jeremia
    Literature shows that overcrowding in prison is a crisis that is exacerbated by challenges associated with court processes and inadequate criminal justice systems. Practical measures have been implemented by the South African government to combat these challenges through the use of an integrated criminal justice system. The National Task Team developed a strategy known as the ‘checklist’ that is development from internal benchmarks to address addressing overcrowding in South African Prisons. The study focuses on the assessment of the impact of the ‘7C checklist’ a process that is has been adopted to reduce overcrowding in Gauteng prisons as well as the role of the various government role players within the National Task Team. Using a qualitative approach that included document analysis and in-depth interviews, the study examined the impact of the 7C checklist in addressing the issue of overcrowding. This study concludes that there remains the persistence of practical constraints that are associated with the implementation processes required for complying with the ‘checklist’, as seen through the eyes of those in charge of implementing the strategy. Generally, the ‘checklist’ is partially implemented, and not following through with the processes negatively impacts on the overall goal of reducing overcrowding in Gauteng Prisons
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    The effectiveness of the Gauteng Informal Business Upliftment Strategy on spaza shops operating in the Alexandra Township, South Africa
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023-03) Buthelezi, Jabulani; Motsepe, Dikgang
    The competitiveness and profitability of spaza shops owned by South Africans which operate in townships has been eroded by the settling of large retailers and immigrant owned spaza shops. With this challenge in mind, the Gauteng Department of Economic Development (GDED) developed the Gauteng Informal Business Upliftment Strategy GIBUS). The overarching objective of this policy is to develop informal businesses such that they become more productive, competitive, profitable and are able to create employment (GIBUS, 2015). Spaza shops that operate in the Alexandra Township are faced with unbearable competition due to the large retailers that have settled into both the Pan African and the Alexandra Mall. This challenge as experienced by South African spaza shop owners has also been exacerbated by the infiltration of immigrant owned spaza shops. In this regard, the purpose of this research study is to examine the effectiveness of the GIBUS in improving the competitiveness and profitability of spaza shops owned by South Africans in the Alexandra Township. This research study follows a positivism paradigm. Quantitative research techniques were used for the purpose of data collection and analysis. The research design applied is cross- sectional. A questionnaire was used for the purposes of data collection and non-random purposive sampling was applied as a sampling strategy. The results from this research study indicate that for the majority of the respondents, their revenue did not increase and that they were also not able to create employment opportunities. This is against the backdrop of them having received both non-financial and financial support from the Gauteng Enterprise Propeller. Therefore, the support received did not assist them into being more competitive and profitable. This research study recommends that the both the non-financial and the financial programmes of the GIBUS be amended and be implemented more rigorously. In addition to this, accompanying initiatives to both the financial and non-financial programmes are recommended
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    Blockchain technology and international money transfers into the Nigerian Remittance market
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2022) Bah, Aicha; Khumalo, John
    Blockchain has been making a buzz for a moment now. The nascent industry based on a “distributed ledger technology” is being globally explored especially by innovative start-ups and financial institutions looking to benefit from the technology. Revolutionized by the usage of cryptocurrencies in its processes, blockchain algorism is believed to have the potential to indubitably agitate the financial world. The promises of blockchain pretty much touch any domains imaginable provided the necessary resources are allocated towards its implementation. From governmental tools in election processes to individual peer-to-peer transactions, blockchain is being targeted by various parties seeking to extract the obvious advantages, the technology offers. This study focuses on how blockchain technology can benefit the Nigerian remittance market and observes how it has the potential to completely reinvent the financial and money transfer industry. Peer to peer money transfer methods have traditionally been done through financial institutions such as a bank or Western Union. In many regions around the world, especially on the African continent, the charges related to these transfers represent a high cost for the individuals performing them. Additionally, the regulations and required verifications on each step of an operation account for longer processing time. The main objective of this research is to explore an alternative financial solution for cheaper and more efficient remittance transactions internationally. The method used is a combination of desk research and qualitative field research that involves preliminary research on information already available about Blockchain technology, but also interviews with expert on the financial world. This research concluded that Blockchain technology and the use of cryptocurrencies into everyday transactions represents a real chance at entirely transforming the way individuals exchange money. A few limitations were observed in regard to regulations and control over its functioning. Either way, it is expected that both governmental entities and private corporations will lean towards exploring the “true” capabilities of this technology
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    Participants’ Perceptions of the effectiveness of CLEAR-AA’s Development Evaluation Training Programme in Africa
    (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2020-02-27) Ramasobana, Mokgophana; Morkel, Candice
    In the past few decades, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) capacity-building programmes and training budgets aimed at addressing the rising demand for M&E skills have been increasing. Over the same period, extensive research focusing on the broader evaluation capacity development (ECD) spectrum has been commissioned. However, insufficient research assessing the effectiveness of M&E capacity-building programmes has been conducted; therefore, their contribution towards building skills and knowledge is unknown. In this study, qualitative research aimed at assessing the effectiveness of the Development Evaluation Training Programme in Africa (DETPA), delivered by the Centre for Learning on Evaluation and Results – Anglophone Africa (CLEAR-AA), was used as a case study to begin to understand how Kirkpatrick’s (1959) training effectiveness model could be applied to understand the DETPA training programme implemented in Africa. This is informed by DETPA’s popularity in the region and plans to scale up and implement the programme on an annual basis. Therefore, conducting this assessment contributes towards the improvement of the programme. Using Kirkpatrick’s model, semi-structured interviews were conducted aimed at assessing participants’ perceptions on whether or not the DETPA programme has contributed towards building their individual capacities (skills and knowledge), influenced their individual behavioural change as well as organisational behavioural change. The interviews were also aimed at ascertaining their perceptions regarding the gaps of programmes such as the DETPA. This study focused on the participants of the 2017 programme, which also marked the launch of the DETPA. For the purpose of research rigour interviews with different categories of respondents were conducted as follows: ten (10) DETPA 2017 participants, one (1) DETPA facilitator, two (2) DETPA moderators and four (4) line managers of participants. The findings are not generalizable, as the purpose of the study was not to conduct a quantitative analysis of the perceptions of participants, but to better understand how individual participants personally experienced the potential effects of the DETPA on their individual and organisational capacities. Based on the participant’s perceptions, the programme has been perceived to have the following effects: generally, the findings indicate that the overall programme was perceived by participants to have contributed positively to their M&E capacity development. It was specifically perceived to have contributed towards improving their skills and knowledge as well as to some extent to have contributed towards sustaining the transfer of skills. In addition, there was mixed feedback on whether the programme has contributed towards improving participants’ organisational performance. In terms of the perceived gaps in the programme, it was significant that participants proposed that CLEAR-AA should consider integrating the Made in Africa Evaluation (MAE) philosophy throughout the entire DETPA, as it is currently only included as a single module. This elevates the role of local or contextual approaches in understanding the effectiveness of training programmes delivered in the African diaspora. In conclusion, this study recommends that further empirical research should be conducted to better understand the mechanisms by which training influences skills and knowledge acquisition as well as organisational effectiveness in M&E, as well as to allow for the generalisation of these findings.
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    Investigating policy exclusion of heterosexual male perpetrators in the National Strategic Plan on Gender-based Violence and Femicide
    (University of the Witswatersrand, Johannesburg, 2024) Silaule, Nichole; Chikane, Rekgotsofetse
    Gender-based violence (GBV) is not a minor novel societal challenge occurring in certain pockets of society. It is a pervasive global social justice issue, which transcends race, class, religion and geographical location. The policy exclusion of heterosexual male perpetrators within national policy presents a barrier to curbing gender-based violence and promoting social cohesion. A broad knowledge base exists regarding the drivers and implications of gender-based violence, however, there is a disconnect between gender-based violence national policy and the subjects inflicting the violence. This research therefore aims to broaden the discussion on the polarised narrative of heterosexual male perpetrators in the gender-based violence policy environment. A qualitative methodological approach is utilised to analyse the National Strategic Plan on Gender- based Violence and Femicide report and two associated reports in relation to the role and reference of heterosexual male perpetrators. Thematic content analysis and interpretive phenomenological analysis of the reports and 15 semi-structured interviews with government officials, non-governmental organisations and subject matter experts are methods used in the research to enhance the understanding of the data gathered. The intersectionality theory and ecological framework form the analytical lens shaping the research, these theories form the intersecting ecological factors at play informing policy and the policy stakeholders who passively and actively influence gender-based violence policy decisions. The findings show that factors in national policy formulation provide exclusionary barriers to heterosexual male perpetrators. The target group is not prevalent in stakeholder participation in consultations, patriarchal ideologies remain intact shaping gender-based violence and femicide policy. Local grassroots consultations with specific focus on un-converted heterosexual male perpetrators in various locations need to be provided platform. Also, applying inclusive gender transformative approaches in policy formulation are key determinates to effective policy implementation and inclusion of all policy stakeholders. In conclusion, the meaningful insights on gender-based violence perpetration will guide both future research and policy initiatives driven by government officials, civil society and private stakeholders in South African society
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    Impact of buyisa ubuntu food bank on livelihoods of kagiso residents during covid-19
    (University of the Witswatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023) Sekhokoane, Lindeni; Pillay, Pundy
    Food banks are set up as an option when governments are unable to safeguard the food security of their citizens. They intend to ease the numerous threats related to food insecurity. However, the ability of food banks to advance general food security outcomes is limited, even though they have a significant part to play in providing rapid solutions to extreme food dearth. They are meant to be a temporary way out for households that are destitute but a key to attaining food security. The aim of the study is to explore the impact of Buyisa Ubuntu Food Bank on beneficiaries during COVID-19, as well as to understand the coping strategies of these beneficiaries in the midst of the pandemic. Also, the purpose is to determine the extent to which the skills development program has empowered beneficiaries. In order to achieve this, the study sought to determine a) The difference that the Buyisa Ubuntu Food Bank has made to beneficiaries' lives during the COVID-19 pandemic, b) the extent to which the Buyisa Ubuntu Food Bank skills development programme has empowered beneficiaries, c) the coping strategies that were used by the beneficiaries in the absence of the food bank services. The study found that the food bank use in Kagiso Township is due to dire economic difficulties out of the immediate domain of control of beneficiaries, such as poverty and unemployment. The coping strategies utilised by beneficiaries in the absence of food bank services are unsustainable. In an attempt to address the issue of unemployment among the beneficiaries, structural theories of poverty suggest that macroeconomic policy, which stimulates economic growth, both locally and internationally, should also be seen as the key solution for sustainable job opportunities. The findings of the study further revealed that the Buyisa Ubuntu Food Bank made a financial difference in the lives of the beneficiaries through volunteerism and employment. Again, the skills offered at the skills development programme made a difference in the lives of some of the beneficiaries. However, the study found that the choice of skills in this programme is limited, and some skills are not of interest to beneficiaries. It is therefore recommended that the Buyisa Ubuntu Food Bank provides an avenue for beneficiaries to voice their expectations. It is also recommended that iv higher institutions of learning and businesses join forces to provide a variety of skills for people who are food insecure. Buyisa Ubuntu Food Bank faced some distribution challenges, as a result, beneficiaries received food once in three months instead of three consecutive months. This negatively affects the impact of the Buyisa Food Bank on the lives of beneficiaries. To address the food distribution challenges, it is recommended that the Buyisa Ubuntu Food Bank sticks to the standard operating procedure manual, which states that once the beneficiary is approved, the food needs to be distributed to them for threeconsecutive months.