Volume 58: 2024–

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    Cranial morphology of Jonkeria truculenta (Therapsida, Dinocephalia) and a taxonomic reassessment of the family Titanosuchidae
    (The Evolutionary Studies Institute, 2024-06) Jirah, Sifelani; Rubide, Bruce S; Abdala, Fernando
    Titanosuchidae are a group of herbivorous, long-snouted dinocephalians with definitive records known only from the middle Permian Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone of the Beaufort Group (Karoo Supergroup) of South Africa. Here, the taxonomy of this family is revised; of the nine species currently recognized, only two are found to be valid: Titanosuchus ferox and Jonkeria truculenta, which can be distinguished on the basis of appendicular proportions. Jonkeria boonstrai, J. haughtoni, J. ingens, J. parva, J. rossouwi, and J. vanderbyli are synonymized with Jonkeria truculenta, and J. koupensis is considered a nomen dubium (Titanosuchidae indet.). Several new cranial features are described for J. truculenta, such as pachyostosis of the prefrontals, postorbitals and parietals, and an ontogenetic series for the species is presented.