*School of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics (Journal Articles)

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    Thermal analysis of natural convection and radiation heat transfer in moving porous fins
    (Global Digital Central, 2019) Ndlovu, P.L.; Moitsheki, R.J.
    In this article, the Differential Transform Method (DTM) is used to perform thermal analysis of natural convective and radiative heat transfer in moving porous fins of rectangular and exponential profiles. This study is performed using Darcy’s model to formulate the governing heat transfer equations. The effects of porosity parameter, irregular profile and other thermo-physical parameters, such as Peclet number and the radiation parameter are also analyzed. The results show that the fin rapidly dissipates heat to the surrounding temperature with an increase in the values of the porosity parameter and the dimensionless time parameter. The results also show that the heat transfer rate in an exponential profile with negative power factor is much higher than the rectangular profile.
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    Stabilization of ODE with hyperbolic equation actuator subject to boundary control matched disturbance
    (Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2019-01-02) Zhou, H.C.; Guo, B.Z.
    In this paper, we consider stabilisation for a cascade of ODE and first-order hyperbolic equation with external disturbance flowing to the control end. The active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) and sliding mode control (SMC) approaches are adopted in investigation. By ADRC approach, the disturbance is estimated through a disturbance estimator with both time-varying high gain and constant high gain, and the disturbance is canceled online in the feedback loop. It is shown that the resulting closed-loop system with time-varying high gain is asymptotically stable and is practically stable with constant high gain. By SMC approach, the existence and uniqueness of the solution for the closed loop via SMC are proved, and the monotonicity of the ‘reaching condition’ is presented. The resulting closed-loop system is shown to be exponentially stable. The numerical experiments are carried out to illustrate effectiveness of the proposed control law. © 2016, © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.