Educational programmes used in teaching nurses mechanical ventilation in adult intensive care units: a scoping review

Introduction Mechanical ventilation is a common form of life support intervention and nurses are the key personnel in providing safe and specialized care to these patients. Their education determines whether patients receive optimal quality care and attain the best possible outcomes. Purpose: To identify the available evidence on invasive mechanical ventilation educational programmes developed for teaching all nurses working in adult intensive care units; regardless of their level of qualification or years of experience. It includes the content taught and the method of instruction used. Methods: Due to the breadth of the review topic, a scoping review methodology was considered appropriate and guided by The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Scoping Review methodology. Eligibility criteria using the PCC framework, and relevant keywords and phrases originating from these criteria were used to search five databases in July and August 2022 (PubMed, EBSCO CINAHL, Wiley Online, Scopus and ProQuest). The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines were used to report the results. Results: Nine studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria for full review. Four studies were relevant to invasive mechanical ventilation; two studies were specifically related to ventilator associated pneumonia and one each on weaning, endotracheal tube cuff pressure management and the development of a programme for nurses transitioning into the intensive care unit. Conclusion: There is limited evidence of comprehensive educational programmes on invasive mechanical ventilation for all nurses working in the intensive care unit.
A research report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Science in Medicine (Health Science Education) to the Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2023
Educational programme, Mechanical ventilation, Nurses, Intensive care units