The impact of gated communities on spatial transformation in the Greater Johannesburg area
Report Series produced by the South African Research Chair in Development Planning and Modelling, School of Architecture and Planning, University of the Witwatersrand.
Gated communities in south Africa have increased tremendously since the late 1990’s, with various types spreading across the urban landscape. they can broadly be divided into two groups, namely enclosed neighbourhood s and new security developments. Enclosed neighbourhoods refer to existing neighbourhoods that have been fenced or walled in and where access is controlled or prohibited by means of gates or booms erected across existing roads. New security developments are private developments in which the entire area is developed by a private developer. these areas/buildings are physically walled or fenced off and usually have a security gate or controlled access point, with or without a security guard. this type can include large security estates, gated townhouse clusters/complexes and gated apartment complexes. these three sub-types are predominantly residential. new security developments can, however, also include gated offi ce parks and gated mixed-use developments (Landman 2012). As a signifi cant contributor to urban spatia l transformation, there is a need to understand the current extent and impact of different types of gated communities in the greater johannesburg area and implications for urban restructuring and sustainable development.
The authors were assisted by Trudi Horak with the literature review and Trisha van Rhyn with the field visits.
Gated communities, closed neighbourhoods, security developments, enclosed neighbourhoods, new security developemnts, urban spatial transformation, urban restructuring, sustainable development.
Landman, Karina and Badenhorst, Willem. 2012. The impact of gated communities on spatial transformation in the Greater Johannesburg area. Planning and Modelling, School of Architecture and Planning, University of the Witwatersrand. Johannesburg