Factors contributing to the drop-out rate of learners in National Certificates Vocational Programmes at West College.
Chiloane, Glory Mable.
ABSTRACT This report presents an investigation into the factors that contribute to the dropout rate of learners in the NCV programme at Westcol College. The study applied a qualitative method in which one campus was observed. Data was collected through interviews, detailed set of questions and documentary analysis. The research was based on the views articulated by at least ten respondents that comprised the following levels of employee’s viz. Management, Educators, Programme manager, Administration head – Student Affairs and a Career Guidance person. The purpose of the interviews was to acquire the respondent’s views on the factors contributing to the dropout rate of learners in the NCV programme at the college. Data was collected and analysed from the Department of Education Annual reports and documents addressing the Further Education and Training issues. It is evident from the respondent’s views that it is difficult to identify all these factors. The study established two key themes namely: Learner related factors and College performance related which were identified as the following: socio economic issues, for an example HIV/AIDS and drug abuse. Learners not academically prepared when accessing the college and end up not performing well. They end up bunking classes and being involved in drug abuse and learner pregnancy, which lead to the dropout in the college. The wrong choice of programme by learners to satisfy their families and friends not choosing according to their potential, affects the college performance and theirs. The under qualified lecturers which are not committed to their job, the multi grade classes and the lack of educational resource are also a challenge in the FET sector.
College dropouts, Universities and colleges, Vocational education.