Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the middle Permian Abrahamskraal formation (Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone) in the southern Karoo around Merweville, South Africa.

Jirah, Sifelani
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A study of the Abrahamskraal Formation in the area around Merweville, in the southwestern corner of the Karoo Basin has revealed the presence of traceable lithological units with lateral continuity throughout the study area. The stratigraphic section measured in this part of the basin matches the section measured by Jordaan, (1990) south of Leeu Gamka, with a basal arenaceous unit overlain by a predominantly argillaceous succession. The thickness of the Abrahamskraal Formation in this part of the Karoo Basin in 2565m, charactersized by a braided depositional environment in the lower 2075m and a meandering depositional environment in the upper 490m. Biostratigraphically the succession comprises a basal Eodicynodon Assemblage Zone which constitutes the lower 1104m and this is overlain by a 1461m thick Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone whose upper limit is 21m below the Poortjie Member of the Teekloof Formation. This study has also corroborated the work by earlier authors who proposed a northeasterly palaeoflow direction as well as contributing to the global correlation of the Middle Permian terrestrial tetrapod faunas where the Eodicynodon Assemblage Zone correlates with the fauna from the Russian Ocher & Ischeevo; fauna of China’s Xidagou Formation and Rio da Rosto fauna of Brazil while the Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone fauna corrletaes with fauna from Mezen and Ischeevo in Russia, Posto Queimado fauna in Brazil and those from the Madumabisa strata of Zimbabwe.