Cohort Profile: South African Population Research Infrastructure Network (SAPRIN)

South Africa is striving to emerge from a legacy of gross social injustice and consequent health and socioeconomic inequality, to becoming a country where all residents have opportunities to build productive lives. However, recent declines in economic performance and unemployment, exacerbated by weaknesses in national and provincial level governance, coupled with colliding epidemics of HIV/ AIDS and non-communicable diseases, have left the country’s leadership with serious, seemingly intractable challenges. Moreover as with most countries, the effects of stringent sociobehavioural responses to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with serious economic consequences, serve to amplify such challenges.