ItemCommunity empowerment through participation in the land development objective implementation : Khayalami Metropolitan Council(1998) Lediga, MakhuduEvolution of planning theories since the turn of the century, reveals the need for the planning profession to conform to the demands of the fast and ever changing world. The planning profession in South Africa is currently faced with the mammoth task of redressing the legacy of apartheid planning. In an attempt to redress the legacy of apartheid planning the government. promulgated the Development Facilitation Act (DFA), Act 67 of 1995. The DFA principles by their very nature focus on the previously disadvantaged groups of the population. In order to implement the DFA principles, the Land Development Objectives (LDOs) are a relevant tool. This study focuses on community empowerment through participation in the implementation of the LDOs in Kempton Park / Tembisa. The overriding objective is to establishing how the implementation of the LDOs could empower the local communities. Furthermore the study seeks to establish the areas of intervention in the LDO implementation process. In providing a strategy for such areas, communities should participate in the development process, In conclusion, the study focuses on the role of planners in addressing problems identified in the LDO implementation process. Such roles include mediation, advocacy, advisor, catalyst etc. ItemTowards a class compromise in South Africa's "double transition": bargained liberalization and the consolidation of democracy(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Webster, Edward; Adler, GlennSouth Africa's 1994 settlement ensured the survival of one of the world's most unequal capitalist systems. Liberals liked that it was based on the international economic order. All that changed was the inclusion of a few Blacks in the economic power of the White corporate elite. Change came though a conservative pact. What is needed is a class compromise which allows for engaging in the global economy but limits economic liberalisation, i.e. bargained (limited) liberalization not complete economic liberalization. ItemContesting the transition from apartheid to democracy in the workplace(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Von Holdt, KarlThis paper explores the contestation between Highveld Steel and NUMSA over the transition from the apartheid workplace regime during 1993-1995. NUMSA wanted a radical democratisation of the workplace and the company; enhancing worker control and skills. Management wanted to retain control and disempower the workers. ItemA critical evaluation of large scale development projects and programmes in South Africa(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Thwala, Wellington D.; McCutcheon, R.T.South Arica needs employment-intensive infrastructure programmes in order to create jobs. Local needs and communities ideas must be taken into account. Quality and cost effectiveness should not be compromised. The supervisors should be technically and organisationally competent. Sustainable finance and a reliable political will to see the projects though are essential. ItemSecrecy and violence in rural Tsolo(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Peires, Jeffrey BThis paper gives the history violence in the Tsolo District of the Eastern Cape. Emphasis is on that which occurred between 1993 and 1999. Starting as an Anti-stocktheft movement, Mafelandawonye, the violence degenerated into action for revenge, opportunistic killings of "inconvenient" people and the victimization of people through guilt by association. A culture of silence, secrecy and fear made resolving the situation difficult. ItemContinuities and changes: a survey of Soweto in the late 1990s, focusing on key demographic indicators and physical living conditions.(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Morris, AlanThis paper is the findings of a household survey of Soweto conducted by Wits Sociology Department in January 1997. It surveys the population size, age profile, employment rates, education, income, dwelling sizes and population density of the people living there. Item"We must now go back to our history": continuity and change in Mamone, Northern Province(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Oomen, BarbaraThis paper considers how current law and administration can deal with local and traditional authorities. It describes how the traditional authority of Mamone, in Limpopo, has seen considerable change over the years and. how external forces and internal dynamics affect the traditional authority. The problem of trying to impose one system on very diverse traditional authorities is also raised. ItemWhite visions, Black experience: rethinking (urban) developement in South Africa(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Mangcu, XolelaThis paper aims to present a critique of the Eurocentrism , globalism and economism of South African urban development and propose an alternative approach to the South African city. Progressive planning is about listening to what people want and need and giving them voice to express those needs. ItemLand tenure in South Africa's communal areas: a case study of the Arabie-Olifants Scheme(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Lahiff, EdwardThis paper looks at the evolution of the land tenure system, and the prospects for reform in a Black communal area. It is based on a case study of the Arabie-Olifants Irrigation Scheme in the former homeland of Lebowa (in Limpopo Province) ItemFrom dispossession to disappointment: neo- liberalism and South African land reform policy(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Kariuki, Samuel; Van der Walt, LucienLand ownership in South Africa is inequitable and characterised by exploitative social relations. The land policy process represents the triumph of the dominant powerful groups, mainly the landowning classes. The concerns of ordinary rural people have been marginalised. The paper examines the processes that lead to the ANC's land reform policy. ItemHistory, histories and historians in land reform: an insider's account.(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Hassan, AsmaThose engaged in the South African Land Reform policy have invoked South Africa's contested history. Different histories impact policy formation and implementation. Historians have been employed by Governmental and non-governmental organisations involved in the Land Reform Programme. The paper offers personal impressions of the use and abuse of history and historians in the Land Reform Programme ItemPublic enemy number one: crime and policing in Soweto in the 1960s(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Glaser, CliveCrime has been a major grievance of township residents, since the 1940s. In the late 1950s to the 1970s local representative Black Bodies such as the Advisory Boards calls for better urban social conditions were ignored in favour of influx control (pass law enforcement) and police raids. Law abiding citizens were caught up in these and treated like criminals. Had it pursued an anti-crime policy, giving decent housing and services the Government might have achieved some legitimacy among older and more conservative township residents. ItemThe politics of macroeconomic policy reform in South Africa.(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Gelb, StephenMacroeconomic reforms can be easily introduced by changing the interest rate, exchange rate and wages. These changes have uneven distributional consequences. So how the beneficiaries and losers are treated needs skilled political management. Politics needs to be excluded so the disadvantaged people cannot interfere. As it is implemented this centralised arbitrary approach runs into opposition . More stable reforms might be achieved by negotiation. This will also be more democratic. ItemRevisiting the democratic traditions in the South African trade union movement(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Buhlungu, SakhelaThe Democratic traditions within South African trade unions have altered since 1994. They have become more oligarchic. The traditions of member participation, worker control and leadership accountability are discussed and how they have changed. The democratic tradition persists but is a matter of contestation. ItemThe legacy of South African colonialism: the messianic and national subject.(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) Chipkin, IvorPaper discusses the relationship between the state and the Individual; the importance of ethnic identity, traditional institutions and the modern nation state ItemThe national public works programme, 1994-1998: does the past suggest the future?(University of the Witwatersrand. History Workshop., 1999-09-18) McCutcheon, R.T.; Thwala, W. D.The National Public Works Programme (NPWP) was launched in 1994 to establish programmes, using labour-intensive methods, to construct and maintain infrastructure, generate employment and develop skills. This article discusses the programme's progress. ItemNo easy road to truth: the TRC in the Eastern Cape(1999-07-11T09:17:14Z) Cherry, Janet ItemTowards (re)conciliation: the post colonial economy of giving(1999-06-25T10:27:30Z) Ahluwalia, PalThis paper examines three different post-colonial sites where there is a need for reconciliation. The mode of analysis suggested here is based on the notion of post-colonialism. This is not a repudiation of the African past but an engagement with the manner in which Africa has dealt with institutions and practices that it has inherited. The three sites, Australia, Palestine and Rwanda, were examined through the lens of the notion of the uncanny. Although each of these locations is different, they nevertheless share the experience of colonisation. It is an experience which has divided all these societies. The effect on post-colonial subjects living in these societies is one of trauma. It is the uncanny which must be overcome if any genuine process of reconciliation is to take place. It is argued that this can be accomplished through the gift. A post-colonial economy of giving is necessary in order to break down categories and identities which have been ascribed or constructed in order to maintain power structures. A postcolonial economy of giving which is linked inextricably to organic intellectuals and a reconceptualised sense of citizenship is one that can further processes of (re)conciliation. ItemLiberating the past from the future, liberating the future from the past: race and reconciliation in the United States and the new South Africa(1999-06-14T11:40:43Z) Williams, Dwayne E.