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ItemAfter Digitisation, What Next? Suggested Guidelines for the Sale, Reproduction and Repatriation of Digital Deritage(2010-12-15) Thram, DianeIn order to give you a glimpse of the International Library of African Music (ILAM), its origin, and how it exists today, a DVD that briefly tells the story has been uploaded to the Internet for readers to view. In addition to information about Hugh Tracey, the founder of ILAM, and our collections, you will see performances in ILAM’s small outdoor amphitheatre. These are, first, Venda Tshikona reed pipe dancing; then a Chopi timbila orchestra from Mozambique; performance of amadinda xylophone music from Uganda; Shona mibra music; and, finally, some Pedi Dinaka reed pipe dancing. I hope this video will give you a clearer idea of Hugh Tracey's legacy for African music. To access the ILAM DVD, go to http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtnqPaT2wv0 ItemThe Archival Platform, a New Networking, Advocacy and Research Initiative(2010-12-15) Deacon, HarrietThe Archival Platform is a new research, advocacy and networking project in South Africa, initiated in May 2009 and formally launched in November 2009. The “archive” is understood in this project as material traces of the past in public/private archives and collections, heritage sites and cultural practices. The Archival Platform aims to promote public engagement with and investment in the archive through networking and information sharing. It is fostered and supported by the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the University of Cape Town (UCT) Archives and Public Culture Programme, and funded by The Atlantic Philanthropies. ItemBuilding Capacity for Archives and Dissemination of Information in Uganda: A Case Study of Uganda Broadcasting Corporation and Directorate of Information(2010-12-15) Magara, ElisamIn today's information age, knowledge has become the gold standard. A great deal of information is being generated every day in central and local governments and this is likely to increase with the continued empowerment of the population. In Uganda the government has been for a long time committed towards building an integrated, self sustaining and independent national economy. For instance, there have been a number of attempts to enact laws and policies in Uganda regarding access to and protection of information including the National Records and Archives Act, 2001, the Access to Information Act, 2005, the Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act, 2006, The Press and Journalist Statute, 1995, the Electronic Media Statute, 1995 and the Uganda Broadcasting Corporation Act, 2005. These laws been not properly utilised, nor have proper guidelines for building capacity for storage, archiving, utilisation, dissemination and use of information been put in place. Building capacity in any organisation requires considerable effort, covering restructuring systems, development of human resource and institutional capacity, and organisational structure. The aim of this study is to review the current state of the audiovisual records and materials in the Directorate of Information (DOI) and the Uganda Broadcasting Corporation (UBC), to provide a digitization strategy to enhance effective information dissemination in Uganda. ItemBuilding Online Global Access to African Cultural Heritage: DISA - An Appropriate Model?(2010-12-15) Liebertrau, Patricia ItemCapacity Building in Context(2010-12-15) Motsi, AlexioThe challenges (from an African perspective) • Lack of coherent approach • Limited understanding of the complex issues relating to digitization • Donor influence –many donors tend to enforce their own agendas • Lack of commitment at strategic levels • Legislative shortcomings • Lack of own resources • Improper prioritization ItemThe Case for Knowledge Management Governance for Africa(2010-12-15) Mchombu, KingoIn organisational context KM refers to the totality of strategies aimed at creating smart organisations able to leverage knowledge from its various information and communication assets, to learn from past experiences whether bad or good and to create new value through knowledge (Menkhoff 2007). In other words, using knowledge as a strategic business resource ItemCommuniqué - Summary and Recommendations(2010-12-17) Walker, ClareThe summary and recommendations are captured in the following communiqué, presented at the conclusion of the First International Conference on African Digital Libraries and Archives (ICADLA-1), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1st-3rd July 2009 ItemContestations, Ownership, Access and Ideology: Policy Development Challenges for the Digitization of African Heritage and Liberation Archives(2010-12-15) Pickover, MicheleThe digitization of heritage material for publication on the worldwide web is a site of struggle and the real challenges are not technological or technical but social and political. What is at stake is the politics of memory in digital form and how whatever is selected for digitization projects frames research agendas and plays a role in repackaging history. The development dimension is also paramount, the issue of how these projects enhance the public interest, service researchers in the South and promote South-South dialogue. This paper concentrates on policy rather than on narrow technical issues and engages the larger questions which frame digitization projects, such as national policies and processes around heritage, political identities, contested archives, the commodification of the archive and the archive as shaper of national histories. This paper also gives a brief overview of the South African experience, examines notions of partnership that cut across international boundaries, interrogates the ideological and intellectual ramifications, including issues of content selection and access, and engages in policy framework discussions and recommendations. ItemCreating an Institutional Repository at the University of Dar es Salaam: Some Experiences(2010-12-17) Muneja, Paul D.The University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) Library is establishing an institutional repository (IR) to preserve, and provide wider visibility and accessibility for, its intellectual outputs. In order to understand stakeholders’ views a needs assessment survey was conducted. The objectives of the study were to assess users’ levels of awareness of IRs, users’ interest in the establishment of an IR, and users’ recommendation on the types of materials to be included in the IR. In addition, the survey intended to take users’ view on the modality of deposition, moderation, access and use of IR materials. The sample was drawn from UDSM academic and administrative staff, and postgraduate and undergraduate students. A purposive sampling technique was used to select a sample from the population, and secondary data was collected using a documentary review. Primary data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Research tools were tested to check validity, reliability and clarity. Both qualitative and quantitative data for the study were analysed and presented. Quantitative and Qualitative data were codified and analysed using SPSS and content analysis respectively, The study reveals that most users at UDSM are not aware of the institutional repository. In comparison with other users, academic staff are aware of the IR and because of this, they use the IR to access and disseminate materials. Postgraduate students follow by using the IR to access materials; administrators use the IR to disseminate, in contrast to postgraduate students. Undergraduate students have low levels of awareness and few of them use IR for any purpose. ItemDigital Information Services at the African Development Bank(2010-12-15) Karim, Bakri AbdulThrough lending, grants, technical assistance and policy advice, AfDB has a distinct comparative advantage in generating and disseminating knowledge to support its operations. ItemDigital Libraries and Archives in Senegal(2010-12-17) Sow, ModyThe 20th century was marked by the advent of electronic libraries and archives in most of the developed countries. In December 2004, the Google print library project announced the creation of an online digital library of 15 million books stemming from collections of five American libraries. Faced with this gigantic project, the European countries, fearing American cultural imperialism, set up the Digital European library. How does the situation of digital libraries and archives seem in Senegal? In this paper we will try to answer this problem by analysing some experiences of digital libraries in Senegal: the digital library of University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, the digital library of Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire of the University Cheikh Anta Diop and the National Archives of Senegal. ItemDigital Libraries and Prospects of a Programme on Technology-enhanced Learning in Africa(2010-12-17) Islam, BaharulThe National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) in India is an illustrative project based on the concept of multimedia based courses with high potential for interactivity. It has become a popular and viable option for both developed and developing nations, though for different reasons. Offering multimedia courses in technology-assisted modes has not only become invaluable for the learner, but also an attractive and creative option for faculty. . The broad aim of the project NPTEL in India is to facilitate the competitiveness of Indian industry in global markets through improving the quality and reach of engineering education. The operational objective of NPTEL is to make high quality learning material available to students of engineering institutions across the country by exploiting the advances in information and communication technology. The present paper presents a prospect for such an initiative for African countries and institutions (as potential Associate Partner Institutions) to enhance the quality of human resources in technology and in the arena of the digital library itself. ItemDigitization and Data Preservation Centre - A Collaborative Initiative of the Carnegie Foundation and National Research Foundation(2010-12-15) Selematsela, DaisyStakeholders identified the NRF as an important organisation in bringing resolution to the digitization / preservation issues in playing a central role as convener and facilitator of collaborative solutions ItemDigitization of Libraries/Archives and Development(2010-12-15) Okwaro, Peter DennisLibraries and archives are essential components of any strategy aimed at improving information access, both for the public at large and for other specialised groups, including students and researchers. Information in all its forms is an important vehicle for knowledge development, which contributes enormously to the socio-economic development of societies and nations. ItemDigitization Strategies for Legacy Resources in Africa: Incremental or Collection-based Approaches? Experience from the University of Botswana(2010-12-15) Morrison, MonicaDigitization of library, archival and other legacy resources is frequently associated with the concept of collections. Materials collected by a single scholar or enthusiast are attractive candidates for capture in electronic form because they offer the promise of creating a resource that is much more than the sum of its parts, a resource that reflects and, to some extent, recreates the knowledge of the collector and the context in which he or she worked. The resulting product also has a certain aesthetic integrity that appeals to people: it tells a story, often a colourful or dramatic one, enriched by personal anecdote, documentation and images from the period. ItemFilm Archives: a Decaying Visual History(2010-12-15) Forbes, DavidThe 20th century saw a movement from the Industrial Revolution to what we could call the Communication Revolution, and perhaps a newer revolution in the past 20 years, which we could characterise as the Information Revolution. The Communication Revolution began with the discovery of photography (and shortly thereafter cinema) at the end of the 19th century. The Lumière brothers in France, Edward Muybridge in England and Thomas Edison in America all explored the possibilities of moving and still images. Rapid expansion of technology and opportunity saw the rise of revolutionary cinema in Russia and the emergence of Hollywood, the beginnings of an industry that today engulfs our world with images. ItemThe “First” and “Third World” in Africa: Knowledge Access, Challenges and Current Technological Innovations in Africa(2010-12-15) Molawa, SegametsiThis paper focuses on digitization in the African continent. It highlights the fact that some countries in Africa have both the “first” and “third” world characteristics in terms of development and access to information and communication technology (ICT) tools. The study uses South Africa as a case study representing the minority privileged , who are very rich “first world”, compared with the majority population living in rural and urban townships that represents the underdeveloped, poor parts of the country, sometimes referred to as the “third world” component of South Africa. The underdeveloped areas, as in other countries on the African continent, face challenges in accessing information technology as a result of poor infrastructure. The South African case study is further complicated by the apparent divide between the nine provinces in terms of accessing ICTs. For example, some of the provinces are more rural than others and this factor has implications in terms of digitization and availability of infrastructure. Digitization is a process that is currently looked upon by many to bring about maximum access to global knowledge. Most countries are generating knowledge that is traditionally shared and disseminated in the form of books, journals, monographs and many other formats that have been used for preservation, like microfiche. These are stored in physical buildings such as libraries and archives that pride themselves on the management and dissemination of knowledge. With the advent of modern technology, however, digitization transcends the geographical divide and rigidity of a physical building, as presented by a library and archive, by making global knowledge readily and widely available. Digitization also promotes access to knowledge and information in a faster and cheaper way because the production and geographical challenges are limited if the appropriate infrastructure is available. As a result, the Internet has become the primary vehicle in the sharing of knowledge in addition to TV, radio and other ICT tools. ItemHarnessing Knowledge to Accelerate the Implementation of NEPAD(2010-12-15) Nnadozie, EmmanuelHOWcan knowledge accelerate NEPAD’s implementation? ◦ How can we harness knowledge to improve the effectiveness of NEPAD structures and processes? ◦ How can we harness knowledge to accelerate the implementation of NEPAD priorities?