This Community hosts a collection of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) submitted by doctoral and masters' students of Wits University. Items in this collection are mapped to relevant collections within the Faculties and Schools communities.
Browsing Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) by Author "Abbott, John"
The thesis develops a new approach to community participation, for application to
infrastructure provision projects in developing cour..rles, based upon social
surveys and case studies of negotiations in five South African communities. Existing
approaches to community participation are analysed and shown to be unsuitable for
infrastructure provision. The thesis compares the characteristics of
infrastructure projects with those of other types of development projects and
demonstrates how these characteristics can be used to situate a given project within
a project environment defined in terms of two variables: the openness of
government to community involvement in decision-making, and project complexity.
Social .urveys carried out in Soweto and KwaThandeka showed the centrality of
infrastructure to social change in South Africa. Existing urban management
systems were unable to cope with the stresses placed upon them. Four facets of
urban management were identified as being under stress: institutional capacity,
legitimacy, affordability, and user convenience. These stresses cha,nge the nature of
infrastructure provision from the supply of end products into a complex process.
Central to this process are: an increased number of actors influencing C:....cisions, the
enhanced role of technical professionals, and the social implications of different
levels of service