Psychometric evaluation of the quick screening procedure for referral to occupational therapy (QSPOT) for five year olds with and without barries to learning

Vial, Lauren Jeannie
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Designed by a group of South African Occupational Therapists, the Quick Screening Procedure for Referral to Occupational Therapy (QSPOT) screens motor, praxis and sensory-perceptual performance skills related to intrinsic barriers to learning in children aged between 4 and 6 years. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the QSPOT in identifying intrinsic barriers to learning in 5 year olds, as well as the concurrent criterion validity of the QSPOT compared to the Movement ABC-2, and the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration, 6th Edition (VMI and Visual Perception subtests). Eighty-three learners in mainstream schools and Learners with Special Education Needs schools were assessed with all three tests. Acceptable specificity was found for the QSPOT; however, sensitivity was unacceptably low. Adequate concurrent criterion validity was found between the QSPOT Total Score and the Movement ABC-2 Total Score, as well as between the QSPOT and DTVMI-VMI for Age-band 1 (5 years 0 months to 5 years 5 months). However, inadequate concurrent criterion validity was found for the QSPOT for Age-band 2 (5 years 6 months to 5 years 11 months). Key words: Intrinsic barriers to learning, motor and praxis performance skills, sensory-perceptual performance skills, screening, screening procedures, sensitivity, specificity, concurrent criterion validity
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Occupational Therapy. Johannesburg, 2016
Quick Screening Procedure for Referral to Occupational Therapy, Sensory-perceptual performance skills