The origins of multiracialism
Resistance politics in the 1950s was dominated by the Congress Alliance, made up of the African National Congress [ANC], the South African Indian Congress [SAIC], the Coloured People’s Congress [CPC] and the white South African Congress of Democrats [SACOD]. The Alliance mobilized people of all races against apartheid in a manner previously unseen in South African history. The internal politics of the resistance movement, however, was dominated by wide-ranging and bitter disputes over the form that racial co-operation should take. That dispute centred on the multiracial nature of the Congress Alliance - that is, an alliance of separate Congresses comprising members of a single ethnic group, coordinated at regional and national levels.
African Studies Seminar series. Paper presented 30 April, 1990. Not to be quoted without the Author's permission
South Africa. Race relations