An assessment of skills supply and demand for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and regional energy integration

dc.contributor.authorCentre for Researching Education & Labour (REAL)
dc.contributor.authorUniversity of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
dc.description.abstractThe SADC region relies heavily on energy produced from coal and water and has grappled with an energy crisis over the years, seen through insufficient and inefficient energy supply. This crisis is mostly a result of a changing climate, including droughts, outdated infrastructure, and the depletion of natural resources. These natural resources include coal and gas, and their use for power generation further contributes to climate change, who’s impacts are being faced globally. There has therefore been a desire and a call to shift towards renewable energy (RE) in the SADC region, which has the resources and conditions to make this shift. This is driven by the SADC Protocol on Energy and the various national policies. The SADC Protocol on Energy (SADC 20) identifies a number of strategic plans over the last 10 years which build on previous policies. These include “the Regional Energy Access Strategy and Action Plan 2020 to 2030 (SADC, 2020), the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Strategy and Action Plan 2016 to 2030 (SADC, 2016), the SADC Industrial Energy Efficiency Programme and the development of the Regional Gas Master Plan” (SADC, 1996). Implementation has occurred at different rates in the various member states, and the 2018 SADC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Status Report states that “Since 2015, SADC Member States have greatly increased their commitment to renewable energy and energy efficiency, including important innovations to stimulate mini-grids and distributed renewable energy” (SADC, 2018). This is also the case in regional integration as per the SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP) 2020–2030 (SADC 2020) and through the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) and its regional electricity plans, trading platforms, and policy and regulatory alignment initiatives (SAPP, 2017) together with the SADC Regional Electricity Regulatory Association (RERA, 2022). This transition to RE, however, needs to be just, thereby ensuring that the current workforce is protected and that the skills ecosystem is prepared not only to respond to current demands but those required to transition to a more just and resilient energy system.
dc.description.sponsorshipSwedish International Development Agency (SIDA)
dc.facultyFaculty of Humanities
dc.publisherUniversity of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
dc.rights© This document is distributed under a Creative Commons License.
dc.schoolSchool of Education
dc.subjectSkills assessment
dc.subjectEnergy skills demand
dc.subjectEnergy value chain
dc.subjectRenewable energy
dc.subjectSADC region
dc.subject.otherSDG-7: Affordable and clean energy
dc.titleAn assessment of skills supply and demand for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and regional energy integration
dc.typeResearch report
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