A phytochemical and pharmacological investigation of South African Vitex species

As part of investigation of the biological activities of South African plant, a phytochemical and pharmacological investigation was carried out on five indigenous Vitex species; V. obovata ssp. obovata, V.obovata ssp. wilmsii, V. pooara, V. rehmannii and V. zeyheri . The chemical composition of the essential oils was determined using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, and 1.8-cineole, a- copaene , caryophyllene oxide and y-muurolene were found to be the most abundant constituents in the essential oils of both V. obovatassp. obovataand V. obovata sssp. wilmsii.
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Pharmacy Johannesburg. 2004