The impact of development finance institutions on socio-economic transformation : the case of South Africa

Barnard, Anthony Mark
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DFIs play a very important role in economic development of most countries. In South Africa (SA), they have an additional role of addressing socio-economic development and transformation problems that were created by the previous Apartheid system. In particular, DFIs in SA address unemployment, redistribution of income, private sector development and manufacturing sector growth. However, it is not clear whether these DFI’s are having a positive impact on the socio-economic transformation as they are expected to, given the amount of money that the government budget for them each year. The aim of this research is to investigate whether SA DFI’s have significant impact on the country’s socio-economic development and transformation. DFI credit extension is found to have positive and significant impact on economic growth in in both South African and in emerging markets. Also, in both South Africa and in emerging markets, government consumption has negative impact on economic growth. An additional analysis further shows that DFI credit extension promotes increase in manufacturing-toGDP in SA and in other emerging markets. DFI has significantly positive impact on HDI in South Africa but not in emerging markets. There is a positive (albeit not significant) impact of DFI credit extension on poverty in South Africa, worse still, the relationship is significantly negative in other emerging countries. The results show that the government should bolster the DFI funding as these DFIs play a significant role in the economic development of the country.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Commerce, Law and Management, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Management (Finance and Investment), March 2016
Barnard, Anthony Mark (2016) The impact of development finance institutions on socio-economic transformation: the case of South Africa, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, <>