Knockdown of LRP/LR Induces Apoptosis in breast and oesophageal cancer cells.

Khumalo, T.
Ferreira, E.
Jovanovic, K.
Veale, R.B.
Weiss, S.F.T.
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Cancer is a global burden due to high incidence and mortality rates and is ranked the second most diagnosed disease amongst non-communicable diseases in South Africa. A high expression level of the 37kDa/67kDa laminin receptor (LRP/LR) is one characteristic of cancer cells. This receptor is implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer cells by supporting tumor angiogenesis, metastasis and especially for this study, the evasion of apoptosis. In the current study, the role of LRP/LR on cellular viability of breast MCF-7, MDA-MB 231 and WHCO1 oesophageal cancer cells was investigated. Western blot analysis revealed that total LRP expression levels of MCF-7, MDA-MB 231 and WHCO1 were significantly downregulated by targeting LRP mRNA using siRNA-LAMR1. This knockdown of LRP/LR resulted in a significant decrease of viability in the breast and oesophageal cancer cells as determined by an MTT assay. Transfection of MDA-MB 231 cells with esiRNA-RPSA directed against a different region of the LRP mRNA had similar effects on LRP/LR expression and cell viability compared to siRNA-LAMR1, excluding an off-target effect of siRNALAMR1. This reduction in cellular viability is as a consequence of apoptosis induction as indicated by the exposure of the phosphatidylserine protein on the surface of breast MCF-7, MDA-MB 231 and oesophageal WHCO1 cancer cells, respectively, detected by an Annexin-V/FITC assay as well as nuclear morphological changes observed post-staining with Hoechst. These observations indicate that LRP/LR is crucial for the maintenance of cellular viability of breast and oesophageal cancer cells and recommend siRNA technology targeting LRP expression as a possible novel alternative technique for breast and oesophageal cancer treatment.
fluorescein isothiocyanate;, laminin receptor;, lipocortin 5;, messenger RNA;, phosphatidylserine;, small interfering RNA;, apoptosis;, cancer cell line;, cell structure;, cell surface;, cell viability;, controlled study;, down regulation;, esophageal cancer cell line;, protein expression;, breast cancer cell line;
Khumalo, T. et al. 2015. Knockdown of LRP/LR Induces Apoptosis in breast and oesophageal cancer cells.PLoS ONE 10 (10): e0139584.