Analysis of patients presenting to the emergency department at Ceza Hospital for period of 1 year (1st January to 31st December 2010)
Ogungbire, John Ayodeji Abiola
Patients present daily to the emergency department of Ceza hospital, Kwazulu Natal for medical treatment. Some of these patients are self-referral or referred by other health care workers. Analysis of demography of patients presenting to the emergency department from 1st January to 31st December 2010 was conducted to provide a general overview and characteristics of the studied population. It was a retrospective, transverse and descriptive study that involved patients’ records reviewed from a hospital register. The results showed that the commonest primary diagnosis was assault with a patient population of 81 (16.9%) followed by gastroenteritis (12.3%) and soft tissue injuries (8.5%) respectively. Most patients were single (94.6%), black (100%) and mostly males (57.7%). The highest number of the patient population seen at the emergency department was in February (14.8%) and the patients seen were mostly in the age range of 21 to 30 years. Most cases that presented to the emergency department were non-emergencies that constituted 67.2% of the cases seen and the emergency cases were only 32.8%. The highest patient population at the emergency department of Ceza hospital was 34.83% in summer with presentation peaking from 8.00 am until 11.59 am. The highest proportion of patients’ presentation was found to be during the weekends.