Surface brillouin scattering in opaque thin films and bulk materials
Room temperature elastic properties of thin supported TiC films, deposited on silicon and silicon carbide substrates and of single Rh-based alloy crystals, Rh3Nb and Rh3Zr, are investigated by the Surface Brillouin Scattering (SBS) technique. Velocity dispersion curves of surface acoustic waves in TiC films of various thicknesses, deposited on each substrate (Si and SiC) were obtained from SBS spectra. Simulations of SBS spectra of TiC thin hard films on germanium, silicon, diamond and silicon substrates have been carried out over a range of film thickness from 5 nm to 700 nm. The simulations are based on the elastodynamic Green's functions method that predicts the surface displacement amplitudes of acoustic phonons. These simulations provide information essential for analysis of experimental data emerging from SBS experiments. There are striking differences in both the simulated and experimental SBS spectra depending on the respective elastic properties of the film and the substrate. In fast on slow systems (e.g. TiC on silicon), the Rayleigh mode is accompanied by both broad and sharp resonances; in slow on fast systems (e.g TiC on SiC), several orders of Sezawa modes are observed together with the Rayleigh mode. The velocity dispersion of the modes has been obtained experimentally for both situations, allowing the elastic constants of the films to be determined. Effects of two deposition conditions, RF power and substrate bias, on the properties of the films are also considered. Platinum metal group alloys are promising candidates for future ultra high temperatures gas turbines materials due to their excellent high-temperature properties. In the present work, room temperature elastic properties of single crystals of Rh3Nb and Rh3Zr are investigated. SBS spectra for a range of wave vector directions from the (001) surface have been acquired in order to determine the angular variation of the surface acoustic wave velocities and the longitudinal wave threshold within the Lamb shoulder. The elastic stiffnesses of the specimens were determined using two approaches; one approach involves a least-square fit of the experimental data to calculated results and the other is an analytical approach which involves the 2 c minimization of secular equations for the Rayleigh surface acoustic wave and the longitudinal wave threshold velocities in the  and  directions on the (001) surface of a cubic crystal. Results from the two methods were in good agreement.