The prevalence of myocardial viability as detected by 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography

Mpanya, Dineo
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Background: Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is an imaging modality that guides the revascularization management of patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction secondary to coronary artery disease. Segments of the myocardium demonstrating reduced perfusion and increased or preserved 18FFluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake are considered to be viable and thus suitable for revascularization. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of myocardial viability as determined by FDG-PET in our local cohort and to compare our prevalence of myocardial viability to data published elsewhere. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 240 consecutive 99mTc-sestamibi myocardial perfusion Gated Single Photon Emission Tomography (SPECT) and 18FFDG PET reports of patients referred for evaluation of myocardial viability between January 2009 and June 2015. Results: 236 patients met the inclusion criteria. There were 194 (82.2%) males. The mean age was 59.1 (SD 11.0) years. A total of 4012 segments of the left ventricle were analyzed on the gated SPECT and reduced perfusion was noted in 1862 (46.4%) segments. Perfusion-metabolism mismatch (viable myocardium) was observed in 586 (31.5%) out of 1862 perfusion defects. The prevalence of myocardial viability in the study population was 61.4%. On the multivariate logistic regression model, aspirin intake [OR:0.37; CI:0.16-0.83; p=0.016] and hypertension [OR:0.26; CI:0.12-0.58; p=0.001] were associated with the presence of viable myocardium. Smoking was associated with the likelihood of having non-viable myocardium [OR:2.31; CI:1.01-5.29; p=0.048] Conclusion: The prevalence of myocardial viability as detected by 18F FDG PET in our local cohort is similar to prevalence rates reported in the developed world.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Medicine. Johannesburg, October 2017.