Best clinical nursing education practices in sub-saharan Africa: an integrative literature review

Kpodo, Christmal Jonah
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Background: Nursing is practice-based for that reason; nursing education is focused on clinical skills. Clinical nursing education (CNE) programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are either Eurocentric or developed on nursing education tradition and therefore do not produce nurses that effectively meet the peculiar health need of SSA. Aim: The purpose of this study is to establish research evidence regarding best CNE practices in SSA and to describe the best CNE practices in the SSA. Methodology: An integrative review was conducted using Ganong‟s (1987) framework. Forty two (42) articles identified from Science Direct, EBSCO host, PubMed, Wiley Online Library and Google Scholar were included in this study. Results: The following best clinical nursing education themes were identified and described: synergy between Nursing Education Institution (NEI) and Clinical Facility; effective CNE programme in SSA; roles of institutions, clinical instructors and students in clinical teaching and learning; and Continuous Professional Development of the clinical instructor. Recommendations: It is recommended that NEI‟s in the SSA implement these best practices in CNE programmes to produce competent nurses that meet the peculiar health needs of the SSA region.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Nursing Johannesburg, 2015