Volatile organic compounds(VOC's) analysis from Cape Town haze ll study

Chiloane, Kgaugelo Euphinia
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A brown haze which builds-up over Cape Town under calm and cold weather conditions causes public concern. The brown haze is thought to be due to the gaseous and particulate emissions from the city, industries, traffic and townships in the Cape Town region. Volatile organic carbon (VOCs) compounds are an important component of the haze layer particularly because of their reactivity. VOCs play an important role in the carbon budget and radiation balance, regional oxidant balance, and in the distribution of ozone and other reactive gases, both at the regional and global scale. In this study the variation in ambient VOC concentrations during brown and non-brown haze days over Cape Town during July and August 2003 were characterised. Ambient air samples were collected in evacuated stainless steel canistes from the South African Weather Service (SAWS) research aircraft (Aerocommander, ZS-JRB) and later analysed by gas chromotography equipped with a flame ionisation detector (GC-FID). Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) were the specific VOCs targeted for this study. Comparable meteorology data was also collected to determine the effects of wind field and atmospheric stability on BTEX concentrations.
Student Number: 9503012G Master of Science. School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies
Volatile organic carbon (VOC), Cape Town, Carbon budget, Radiation balance, Regional oxidant balance, Reactive gases, South African Weather Service, Gas chromatography, Flame ionisation detector (GC-FID), Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylene (BTEX)