Laminar wake flow behind a hump on a wall

Date
2018
Authors
Julyan, Jonathan
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Abstract
The laminar wake flow behind a hump on a solid wall boundary is investigated. A Blasius boundary layer flow is perturbed by the hump and a wake forms directly downstream. Triple deck theory is applied to the wake region and the flow is divided into three decks. The governing equations are derived for each deck for both the near and the far wake. Particular attention is paid to the role of the boundary layer displacement effect. The conservation laws and conserved quantities for the governing equations are derived. The multiplier method is applied to the linearised governing equations for small humps and a basis of conserved vectors is constructed. Since, in general, the problem contains an unknown non-homogeneous boundary condition, each conserved vector needs to be carefully chosen and additional restrictions need to be applied to ensure that each conserved quantity, which is obtained by integrating the corresponding conservation law across the wake and imposing the relevant boundary conditions, has a finite value. Four non-trivial conserved quantities are found; three of which have only now been identified. The four conserved quantities relate to the conservation of mass, drag and the first and second moments of the momentum deficit. For each case the existence of a solution that satisfies the governing equations, boundary conditions and a finite valued conserved quantity is discussed. The solution corresponding to the near wall-wake flow is further discussed. Although the far wall-wake does not satisfy a conserved quantity, for completeness, it is included in this work.
Description
The laminar wake flow behind a hump on a solid wall boundary is investigated. A Blasius boundary layer flow is perturbed by the hump and a wake forms directly downstream. Triple deck theory is applied to the wake region and the flow is divided into three decks. The governing equations are derived for each deck for both the near and the far wake. Particular attention is paid to the role of the boundary layer displacement effect. The conservation laws and conserved quantities for the governing equations are derived. The multiplier method is applied to the linearised governing equations for small humps and a basis of conserved vectors is constructed. Since, in general, the problem contains an unknown non-homogeneous boundary condition, each conserved vector needs to be carefully chosen and additional restrictions need to be applied to ensure that each conserved quantity, which is obtained by integrating the corresponding conservation law across the wake and imposing the relevant boundary conditions, has a finite value. Four non-trivial conserved quantities are found; three of which have only now been identified. The four conserved quantities relate to the conservation of mass, drag and the first and second moments of the momentum deficit. For each case the existence of a solution that satisfies the governing equations, boundary conditions and a finite valued conserved quantity is discussed. The solution corresponding to the near wall-wake flow is further discussed. Although the far wall-wake does not satisfy a conserved quantity, for completeness, it is included in this work.
Keywords
Citation
Collections