An affirmative action control model for local government

Cain, Charley Fred
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Current political changes in local government will necessitate the implementation of affirmative action programmes. Successful implementation is vital to ensure peace and stability at local government level. The main purpose of this study was to examine control options for affirmative action in local government. The research was conducted by means of two research methods, namely documentary study on eight policy documents and survey questionnaires from 152 people involved in local government. It is interesting to note that the results of these methods were highly complementary. The documentary study and survey questionnaire results revealed a high degree of consensus on union involvement in the development of affirmative action policies and programmes. Furthermore, the enforcement of affirmative action by means of agreement between management and the trade unions was well received by all occupation groups in the study. Councillors and officials in particular, had no difficulty with shop steward involvement in the implementation of affirmative action, The study revealed that council officials and councillors are not in favour of government involvement in enforcing affirmative action policies and programmes .. At best, negotiated guidelines on affirmative action are fairly acceptable. The use of quotas and/or fines was unacceptable to the various parties. The nature of the research was exploratory and took the form of theory building as opposed to theory testing. For the first time in South Africa, an attempt was made to assess how best control systems for affirmative action policies and programmes could be implemented in local government. The input from key stakeholders in local government made it possible to develop a model that could he used to control affirmative action policies and programmes.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Management, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Management.
Cain, Charley Fred (1994) An affirmative action control model for local government, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, <>