The geometry of the hecke groups acting on hyperbolic plane and their associated real continued fractions.
Maphakela, Lesiba Joseph
Continued fractions have been extensively studied in number theoretic ways. In this text we will consider continued fraction expansions with partial quotients that are in Z = f x : x 2 Zg and where = 2 cos( q ); q 3 and with 1 < < 2. These continued fractions are expressed as the composition of M obius maps in PSL(2;R), that act as isometries on H2, taken at 1. In particular the subgroups of PSL(2;R) that are studied are the Hecke groups G . The Modular group is the case for q = 3 and = 1. In the text we show that the Hecke groups are triangle groups and in this way derive their fundamental domains. From these fundamental domains we produce the v-cell (P0) that is an ideal q-gon and also tessellate H2 under G . This tessellation is called the -Farey tessellation. We investigate various known -continued fractions of a real number. In particular, we consider a geodesic in H2 cutting across the -Farey tessellation that produces a \cutting sequence" or path on a -Farey graph. These paths in turn give a rise to a derived -continued fraction expansion for the real endpoint of the geodesic. We explore the relationship between the derived -continued fraction expansion and the nearest - integer continued fraction expansion (reduced -continued fraction expansion given by Rosen, ). The geometric aspect of the derived -continued fraction expansion brings clarity and illuminates the algebraic process of the reduced -continued fraction expansion.