The influence of rainfall and grazing on the population and compositional response of some Savanna grasslands.
O'Connor, Timothy Gordon
The study aimed to differentiate the effect of rainfall and grazing on the compositional change of savanna grasslands, and to explain responses in terms of the life history patterns of the main species, An extinction prone perennial grass under heiry grazing was identified as a palatable, obligate seed reproducer with low seed production and poor dispersal (e.g. Themeda triandra and Reteropogon contortus), wnich could become extinct if the established population and the seed bank were eliminated. Aristrida species were expected to show the converse pattern. Grazing was manipulated for three or five years, and rainfall for one year, on a sandveld site, and two clay soil sites which supported the same species in different amounts, respectively. (Abbreviation abstract)
A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Vegetation dynamics. , Grassland ecology. , Plant communities. , Grasslands -- Effect of rainfall on. , Grasslands -- Effect of grazing on.