Model use in occupational therapy practice with a focus on the Kawa Model

Owen, Antonette
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of and the clinical application of models by a specific group of occupational therapists with a particular focus on the Kawa Model. Method: A single descriptive case study design with embedded units, related to model application by occupational therapists who attended a Kawa Model workshop, was used. Quantitative data provided information about general model use within occupational therapy and first impressions of the Kawa Model. Qualitative data were obtained to explore the clinically application and suitability of the Kawa Model in the South African context. Main findings: Several factors were identified as having an influence on the use of models by occupational therapists in general, with similar influencing factors related to the application of the Kawa Model being identified. Factors include habituation versus experience, experience and clinical reasoning, practice context and client characteristics.
Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Occupational Therapy, June, 2014. Johannesburg