Subjective well-being impact of old age pension in South Africa: A difference in difference analysis across the gender divide

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dc.contributor.author Umakrishnan, K
dc.contributor.author Mfongeh, N. E
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-27T10:12:17Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-27T10:12:17Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12-06
dc.identifier.citation Kollamparambil, U. & Etinzock, M.N., 2019, ‘Subjective well-being impact of old age pension in South Africa: A difference in difference analysis across the gender divide’, South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 22(1), a2996. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn (Online) 2222-3436
dc.identifier.issn (Print) 1015-8812
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10539/29272
dc.description.abstract Background: South Africa provides old age pension (OAP), a non-contributory means-tested income transfer to persons aged 60 and above. More than two-thirds of the elderly population report receiving the OAP. Women have historically had a lower pension eligibility age of 60, while the eligibility of men decreased from 65 to 60 between 2008 and 2010. Aim: This study analyses the impact of the OAP on the subjective well-being of the elderly in South Africa. The study aims at understanding the differential impact on the subjective wellbeing of male and female recipients. Methods: The study adopts the difference in difference (DiD) impact evaluation framework to establish the impact of OAP using a sub-sample of data for elderly persons aged between 55 and 64, collected from the first four waves of the National Income Dynamics study. Linear and non-linear DiD models are estimated as robustness checks given the ordinal nature of the dependent variable. Results: The OAP variable consistently produced positive and significant estimates for the sample as a whole. Further, anticipatory effect of OAP was not found to exist. A gender specific analysis indicates that female recipients have a positive and significant change in well-being as a result of OAP, while male recipients did not. Conclusion: The difference in the well-being impact of OAP between male and female recipients can be attributed to the gender difference in the use and meaning of pensions. Our findings question the uniform criteria introduced for male and female recipients for OAP in South Africa. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher AOSIS (pty) Ltd en_ZA
dc.rights © 2019. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject State transfers en_ZA
dc.subject old age pension en_ZA
dc.subject difference in difference en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa en_ZA
dc.subject impact evaluation. en_ZA
dc.title Subjective well-being impact of old age pension in South Africa: A difference in difference analysis across the gender divide en_ZA
dc.title.alternative South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 22 en_ZA
dc.journal.title South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences en_ZA
dc.description.librarian TT2020 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10. 4102/sajems.v22i1.2996 en_ZA
dc.journal.link https://doi.org/10. 4102/sajems.v22i1.2996 en_ZA
dc.journal.issue 1 en_ZA
dc.article.start-page 1 en_ZA
dc.article.end-page 12 en_ZA
dc.faculty Business Sciences en_ZA
dc.school School of Economics en_ZA


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