Notes on the flowering and pollination of the endemic grassland Aloe reitzii var. reitzii (Asphodelaceae)

Show simple item record Symes, C.T. 2019-09-19T13:14:14Z 2019-09-19T13:14:14Z 2017
dc.identifier.citation Symes, C.T., 2017. Notes on the flowering and pollination of the endemic grassland Aloe reitzii var. reitzii (Asphodelaceae). Bothalia, 47(1), Article number a2215. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0006-8241 (PRINT)
dc.identifier.issn 2311-9284 (ELECTRONIC)
dc.description.abstract Aloe reitzii var. reitzii is a succulent with a restricted distribution in the montane grassland of eastern South Africa. It is a summer (late January-March) flowering succulent that grows on rocky outcrops at 1000 m-1600 m, and the conspicuous inflorescences suggest a pollination system focused towards birds. Objectives: To understand more about the pollination biology of A. reitzii var. reitzii. Methods: Nectar standing crop (flower volume and concentration) and the proportion of plants flowering were recorded. Camera traps and observations were used to record visitors to A. reitzii var. reitzii inflorescences. Results: Nectar volume was 36 μL ± 27 μL per flower (range 6 μL-93 μL; n = 27) and concentration was 16.5% ± 1.7% (range 13.5% - 19.5%). Camera trap observations, where 18.9% of all plants were observed flowering, recorded the three bird species Cape Weaver, Ploceus capensis, Malachite Sunbird, Nectarinia famosa and Greater Double-collared Sunbird, Cinnyris afer (60.4%, 27.1% and 12.5% of plant visits, respectively) visiting inflorescences. Conclusion: Because birds are important pollinators for many Aloe species, it is assumed that the bird species detected visiting A. reitzii var. reitzii are similarly important pollinators. At least 10 invertebrate species and sengi (Elephantulus sp.) were also recorded as visitors to flowers, but they may be less important pollinators than specialist and generalist avian nectarivores. This study provides further insight into the pollination biology of a diverse, and ecologically important, succulent genus in Africa. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher AOSIS (pty) Ltd en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution license. en_ZA
dc.subject endemic aloe en_ZA
dc.subject monocotyledon en_ZA
dc.subject succulent en_ZA
dc.subject pollination en_ZA
dc.title Notes on the flowering and pollination of the endemic grassland Aloe reitzii var. reitzii (Asphodelaceae) en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 47 en_ZA
dc.journal.title BOTHALIA en_ZA
dc.description.librarian NLB2019 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10.4102/abc.v47i1.2215 en_ZA

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