The rise of Afrikanerdom as an immanent critique of Marx's Theory of Social Class
For Marx, social classes are groups which arise in the course of the division of labour. Based on developments in the forces of production, class formation leads to inevitable conflict, as a result of which one class comes to dominate all others. Class is thus an identifiable historical actuality; an objective phenomenon, rooted in the relations of production. This is what Marx calls "class-in-itself". However precise its actuality in the relations of production, however, the reality of a class-in-itself is obscured by false consciousness. It must achieve true consciousness to become a "class-for-itself".
African Studies Seminar series. Paper presented October 1975
Africa, Southern. Race relations , Africa, Southern. Economic conditions , Africa, Southern. Social conditions