Browsing Conferences by Issue Date
Now showing 1 - 20 of 142
Results Per Page
ItemUtilizing the e-Government Framework as Principles for the Development of Digital Libraries and Archives(2010-12-15) Kamar, Nerisa; Otenyo, S.C.Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) have been embraced in most developing countries as a vehicle to provide government information and documents through the e-government concept. This paper attempts to give highlights of Kenya’s 2006 ICT strategy, Strategic Plan (2004), e-Government Strategy (2004), ICT Investor Guide, Draft Freedom of Information Bill (April 2007), Freedom of Information Policy (April 2007) and e-Transaction Bill 2007, and how these can guide the development of digital libraries and archives. It concludes by discussing hindering factors and challenges in the development of digital libraries and archives. These include infrastructure, finance, copyright and human resources, and gives highlights on the way forward and recommendations. ItemDigitization and Data Preservation Centre - A Collaborative Initiative of the Carnegie Foundation and National Research Foundation(2010-12-15) Selematsela, DaisyStakeholders identified the NRF as an important organisation in bringing resolution to the digitization / preservation issues in playing a central role as convener and facilitator of collaborative solutions ItemFilm Archives: a Decaying Visual History(2010-12-15) Forbes, DavidThe 20th century saw a movement from the Industrial Revolution to what we could call the Communication Revolution, and perhaps a newer revolution in the past 20 years, which we could characterise as the Information Revolution. The Communication Revolution began with the discovery of photography (and shortly thereafter cinema) at the end of the 19th century. The Lumière brothers in France, Edward Muybridge in England and Thomas Edison in America all explored the possibilities of moving and still images. Rapid expansion of technology and opportunity saw the rise of revolutionary cinema in Russia and the emergence of Hollywood, the beginnings of an industry that today engulfs our world with images. ItemThe Case for Knowledge Management Governance for Africa(2010-12-15) Mchombu, KingoIn organisational context KM refers to the totality of strategies aimed at creating smart organisations able to leverage knowledge from its various information and communication assets, to learn from past experiences whether bad or good and to create new value through knowledge (Menkhoff 2007). In other words, using knowledge as a strategic business resource ItemStatement at the opening of the First International Conference on African Digital Libraries and Archives (ICADLA-1)(2010-12-15) Barka, Lalla, BenStatement at the opening of the First International Conference on African Digital Libraries and Archives (ICADLA-1) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1st-3rd July 2009 ItemPolicies for Digital Libraries and Archives in Africa: Developing Strategies for Access to Knowledge for Development(2010-12-15) Diso, Lukman IbraheemThe paper highlights the strategic role of regional and national policies for digital libraries and archives in promoting access to knowledge for development in Africa. It views regional/national information policies as general frameworks and contexts within which policies for digital libraries and archives are situated. It recognizes, however, the need to highlight the latter as instruments for effective access to, and sharing of, knowledge in the contemporary world in which increasing dependence on digital technology makes the effective participation of digitally deficient nations virtually impossible. The paper provides an overview of the existing provisions in terms of laws, policies, agencies, institutions, facilities and such information/information and communication technologies (ICT) infrastructures that are supposed to be the basis for developing national and regional links for resource sharing. It identifies and analyses the dilemma in achieving the set objectives of African information policies. While this dilemma, rooted in the political, economic and socio-cultural factors, operates at different, specific levels, these factors combine to constitute an obstacle to national and regional coordination and cooperation. Without coordination, effective resource sharing at global level is severely constrained. Hence the paper suggests strategies of formulating and coordinating the implementation of comprehensive regional and national policies for the development of digital libraries and archives in Africa, thus ensuring effective preservation of, and access to, African resources, and enabling resource sharing between Africans as well as on the global scale. The paper concludes by stressing that neither the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) nor the entire development agenda of Africa can be achieved without developing a strong and sustainable knowledge base by establishing a powerful and enduring backbone of information infrastructures capable of creating links for effective intra and inter-continental sharing of knowledge resources. The paper therefore recommends the setting up of a coordinating agency under the African Union (AU), to develop a policy framework on the basis of various existing national policies and to monitor and coordinate implementation at various levels. ItemDigital Information Services at the African Development Bank(2010-12-15) Karim, Bakri AbdulThrough lending, grants, technical assistance and policy advice, AfDB has a distinct comparative advantage in generating and disseminating knowledge to support its operations. ItemHarnessing Knowledge to Accelerate the Implementation of NEPAD(2010-12-15) Nnadozie, EmmanuelHOWcan knowledge accelerate NEPAD’s implementation? ◦ How can we harness knowledge to improve the effectiveness of NEPAD structures and processes? ◦ How can we harness knowledge to accelerate the implementation of NEPAD priorities? ItemKnowledge-Oriented Development: A Fresh Start for Africa(2010-12-15) Azubuike, AbrahamThe capacity to recognize actionable value in existing or new information or events, and to use such information efficiently in various ways, including the ability to use information to innovate -that is, to restructure things and processes so as to produce new and useful effects, products and services ItemProviding Access to Knowledge in Africa: the Need for Capacity Building in Classification, Indexing & Abstracting Skills(2010-12-15) Imo, Nwabuisi T.; Igbo, Harriet U.The realities of the present era of globalization and information and communication technologies (ICT) culminating in the African Virtual Library and Information Network (AVLIN) have made it expedient that African information professionals should be able to develop, showcase and make accessible African indigenous information to the knowledge world. This literature-based opinion paper has tried to identify with the view of the conference organizers that “Major digital initiatives involving African content are currently being undertaken by non-African organization without widely accepted protocols and agreement”. The paper argues that there is a serious need for a theoretical and policy framework necessary to provide a basis for systematic training of library and information science professionals to place African knowledge on a pedestal that will make it accessible to the world of knowledge. It was found that the library schools in most African universities are ill-equipped to train professionals to handle information in the new digital era. This is exacerbated by the fact that professional associations are not doing enough to retool the existing workforce for the task ahead. The paper recommends, among other things, that much emphasis should be placed on the training of cataloguers and indexers in African research institutions and universities to be able to organize African knowledge and produce information surrogates that will help researchers locate them on the internet. ItemAfter Digitisation, What Next? Suggested Guidelines for the Sale, Reproduction and Repatriation of Digital Deritage(2010-12-15) Thram, DianeIn order to give you a glimpse of the International Library of African Music (ILAM), its origin, and how it exists today, a DVD that briefly tells the story has been uploaded to the Internet for readers to view. In addition to information about Hugh Tracey, the founder of ILAM, and our collections, you will see performances in ILAM’s small outdoor amphitheatre. These are, first, Venda Tshikona reed pipe dancing; then a Chopi timbila orchestra from Mozambique; performance of amadinda xylophone music from Uganda; Shona mibra music; and, finally, some Pedi Dinaka reed pipe dancing. I hope this video will give you a clearer idea of Hugh Tracey's legacy for African music. To access the ILAM DVD, go to http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtnqPaT2wv0 ItemOpening Speech - The future is digital: ICADLA-1 and the future of African digital content(2010-12-15) Mbambo-Thata, BhuleThe future is digital: ICADLA-1 and the future of African digital content ItemDigitization of Libraries/Archives and Development(2010-12-15) Okwaro, Peter DennisLibraries and archives are essential components of any strategy aimed at improving information access, both for the public at large and for other specialised groups, including students and researchers. Information in all its forms is an important vehicle for knowledge development, which contributes enormously to the socio-economic development of societies and nations. ItemInterrogating the Lesotho Digital Library Ecology with a View to Influencing Policies, Practices and Development: Focus on University and State Library Services(2010-12-15) Moshoeshoe-Chadzingwa, MMThis is a study of, first, the climate, conditions, practices and factors which all converge to constitute the ecology of a digital library in Lesotho in general, and in the University plus State library service specifically; secondly, the developmental consequence of that climate; and, finally, how that ecology may be influenced to give meaning of opportunities offered by technological advancement, to the Lesotho society, especially to the targeted library clients and the marginalized communities. Subsequent to Africa’s visible participation in the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) in 2005, it is an indisputable fact that Africa, including Lesotho, has entered the digital era. The issue is however the extent to which libraries and archives effectively digitize and provide to their intended clients relevant electronic information that is anchored on firm policies and supported by adequate resources. Focus is put on major overarching national policy frameworks as well as regional and global commitments that could positively influence the course and accelerate the pace of digital library development in Lesotho. At the threshold of the government’s commitments are the WSIS principles; reforms of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) Treaty; ICTs; and HIV/AIDs policies, as well as budgetary conditions. At the institutional level are the University Strategic Plan 2007-2012; Senate-adopted policies on an Institutional Repository, Open Access and use of Greenstone; the newly launched undergraduate Diploma Programme in Library Studies; the Ministry of Culture’s financially supported Lesotho Library Consortium (LELICO); and the reconfiguration of both the University and the State Library buildings. ItemContestations, Ownership, Access and Ideology: Policy Development Challenges for the Digitization of African Heritage and Liberation Archives(2010-12-15) Pickover, MicheleThe digitization of heritage material for publication on the worldwide web is a site of struggle and the real challenges are not technological or technical but social and political. What is at stake is the politics of memory in digital form and how whatever is selected for digitization projects frames research agendas and plays a role in repackaging history. The development dimension is also paramount, the issue of how these projects enhance the public interest, service researchers in the South and promote South-South dialogue. This paper concentrates on policy rather than on narrow technical issues and engages the larger questions which frame digitization projects, such as national policies and processes around heritage, political identities, contested archives, the commodification of the archive and the archive as shaper of national histories. This paper also gives a brief overview of the South African experience, examines notions of partnership that cut across international boundaries, interrogates the ideological and intellectual ramifications, including issues of content selection and access, and engages in policy framework discussions and recommendations. ItemThe “First” and “Third World” in Africa: Knowledge Access, Challenges and Current Technological Innovations in Africa(2010-12-15) Molawa, SegametsiThis paper focuses on digitization in the African continent. It highlights the fact that some countries in Africa have both the “first” and “third” world characteristics in terms of development and access to information and communication technology (ICT) tools. The study uses South Africa as a case study representing the minority privileged , who are very rich “first world”, compared with the majority population living in rural and urban townships that represents the underdeveloped, poor parts of the country, sometimes referred to as the “third world” component of South Africa. The underdeveloped areas, as in other countries on the African continent, face challenges in accessing information technology as a result of poor infrastructure. The South African case study is further complicated by the apparent divide between the nine provinces in terms of accessing ICTs. For example, some of the provinces are more rural than others and this factor has implications in terms of digitization and availability of infrastructure. Digitization is a process that is currently looked upon by many to bring about maximum access to global knowledge. Most countries are generating knowledge that is traditionally shared and disseminated in the form of books, journals, monographs and many other formats that have been used for preservation, like microfiche. These are stored in physical buildings such as libraries and archives that pride themselves on the management and dissemination of knowledge. With the advent of modern technology, however, digitization transcends the geographical divide and rigidity of a physical building, as presented by a library and archive, by making global knowledge readily and widely available. Digitization also promotes access to knowledge and information in a faster and cheaper way because the production and geographical challenges are limited if the appropriate infrastructure is available. As a result, the Internet has become the primary vehicle in the sharing of knowledge in addition to TV, radio and other ICT tools. ItemCapacity Building in Context(2010-12-15) Motsi, AlexioThe challenges (from an African perspective) • Lack of coherent approach • Limited understanding of the complex issues relating to digitization • Donor influence –many donors tend to enforce their own agendas • Lack of commitment at strategic levels • Legislative shortcomings • Lack of own resources • Improper prioritization ItemThe Archival Platform, a New Networking, Advocacy and Research Initiative(2010-12-15) Deacon, HarrietThe Archival Platform is a new research, advocacy and networking project in South Africa, initiated in May 2009 and formally launched in November 2009. The “archive” is understood in this project as material traces of the past in public/private archives and collections, heritage sites and cultural practices. The Archival Platform aims to promote public engagement with and investment in the archive through networking and information sharing. It is fostered and supported by the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the University of Cape Town (UCT) Archives and Public Culture Programme, and funded by The Atlantic Philanthropies.