Understanding of factors associated with HIV prevalence in South Africa: analysis of the antenatal clinic survey data

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dc.contributor.author Dikgale, Makgoka Freck
dc.date.accessioned 2011-02-14T13:29:39Z
dc.date.available 2011-02-14T13:29:39Z
dc.date.issued 2011-02-14
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/9037
dc.description MSc (Med) Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand en_US
dc.description.abstract Research Project Title: HIV Prevalence and Factors Associated with HIV Infection in South Africa: Analysis of the Antenatal Clinic Survey Data. Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, the HIV epidemic is commonly monitored through the sentinel surveillance of pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANC), which provides important indications for planning and evaluating public-health interventions. Many of such surveillance systems in South Africa reported limited information on factors associated with HIV infection, even though the survey collected information related to a woman’s participation. This is likely to compromise the development of effective preventive programmes that are more focussed. To address this, the 2005 HIV (ANC) surveillance data was used with the objective of increasing the available information on the HIV epidemic in the country and identifying the socio-demographic factors associated with HIV infection in each province. Methodology: The data from the 2005 ANC survey was analysed in depth. The chi-square test was used to test bivariate associations for categorical associations of HIV infection and other associated factors. In addition a logistic regression model was used to explore the association of sociodemographic and other variables with HIV infection in each province. Results: The HIV prevalence reported in this study was similar to earlier reports released by the Department of Health in 2005. That is the overall HIV prevalence is 30.1% (29.5-30.8%) with KwaZulu Natal having the highest (39.1%, 37.5-40.1%) and Western Cape recorded the lowest HIV prevalence of 15.9% (14.1-17.4%). en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject HIV prevalence en_US
dc.subject antenatal clinics en_US
dc.subject survey en_US
dc.subject analysis en_US
dc.title Understanding of factors associated with HIV prevalence in South Africa: analysis of the antenatal clinic survey data en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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