Nano-size effects on opto-electronic, structural and vibrational properties of vanadium and tungsten oxides produced by laser and ultrasonic spray pyrolysis techniques

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dc.contributor.author Mwakikunga, Bonex Wakufwa
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-15T13:30:16Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-15T13:30:16Z
dc.date.issued 2010-04-15T13:30:16Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/7992
dc.description.abstract The thesis reviews two pyrolysis techniques – ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP) and laser pyrolysis (LP). The two techniques - USP at the Physics LP at the National Laser Centre, CSIR in Pretoria, South Africa – were designed and assembled by the candidate for the purpose of producing two related materials - VO2 and WO3. The two smart materials find applications in energy regulation for air conditioning alternatives, gas sensing for pollution control purposes, recording industry and computer memory. The thesis shows the pursuit for small particles of these materials in order to see the change in their properties at nano-scale. Novel structures that were not expected were foundnanowires and nanotips of WO3 and nanobelts and nano-ribbons of VO2. The confinement of the 700 cm-1 and 800 cm-1 optical phonons is reported in WO3 nanowires, enhanced thermochromism of VO2 nano-structures with a hysteresis width of 80oC is presented, the 145 cm-1 phonon splitting is reported in VO2 nanoribbons and attributed to surface phonons as a greater portion of atoms become surface atoms at nanoscale. A number of theoretical models have been proposed in order to explain some inexplicable phenomena: the new solid-vapor-solid growth mechanism of the nanowires, a modified phonon confinement model to suit phononconfinement in nanoribbons geometry, a model to relate the hysteresis width in the thermochromism of VO2 to the ribbon thickness and grain size based on martensitic type of transformations and a simple “charge-up” model to predict how hot the laser-aerosol interaction zone gets at various laser power settings. More questions have been unearthed and these are also addressed and the way forward is proposed. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Nano-size effects on opto-electronic, structural and vibrational properties of vanadium and tungsten oxides produced by laser and ultrasonic spray pyrolysis techniques en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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