Psychological sequelae following treatment in intensive care

Show simple item record Hatchett, Cindy F 2010-02-22T11:25:20Z 2010-02-22T11:25:20Z 2010-02-22T11:25:20Z
dc.description MSc (Nursing), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 2009 en_US
dc.description.abstract Anxiety, depressive and post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms have been identified in many patients following ICU treatment (Rattray, Johnston & Wildsmith 2005). The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a stressful environment and patients may be left with long standing psychological symptoms that impair their quality of life (Scragg, Jones & Fauvel 2001). There is a dearth of research on early assessment of the psychological sequelae following treatment in ICU in South Africa and interventions required to aid in the recovery process. Post-traumatic stress symptoms do not appear to decrease over time after ICU discharge (Jones et al 2001, Rattray et al 2005), indeed they may endure for a number of years (Kapfhammer et al 2004) causing the patients significant suffering. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress in patients, at their first follow up visit in the outpatient department at a level one academic hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa. A prospective, quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive format was used to investigate these variables. The total sample number was 98 and the instruments used in the structured interview were the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Experience After Treatment in ICU –7 (ETIC-7). The prevalence of symptoms of anxiety in this sample population was 48%, depression 28% and post-traumatic stress 32%. Fifty-eight percent of the sample had combined anxiety and depression scores severe enough to have a ‘possible clinical disorder’. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject psychological effects en_US
dc.subject ICU en_US
dc.subject intensive care en_US
dc.title Psychological sequelae following treatment in intensive care en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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