# Symmetry investigation of a generalised Lane-Emden equation of the second-kind

 dc.contributor.author Harley, Charis dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-15T06:07:08Z dc.date.available 2009-09-15T06:07:08Z dc.date.issued 2009-09-15T06:07:08Z dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/7259 dc.description.abstract In this thesis a Lane-Emden equation of the second-kind is investigated. The equation en_US is considered with arbitrary parameters with the intention of obtaining a solution without referring to specific cases. The shape factor is a parameter indicating the type of vessel relevant to the physical problem considered. There are various forms of the equation. We will consider two such forms, where the shape factor is specified to be one and two, which are of some physical significance. One of these equations is derived from the steady state heat balance equation, and in so doing models a thermal explosion. The other equation that is of importance is derived from equations of mass conservation and dynamic equilibrium. This gives a model describing the dimensionless density distribution in an isothermal gas sphere. This equation when transformed appropriately may also be used to model Bonnor-Ebert gas spheres or Richardson’s theory of thermionic currents which is related to the emission of electricity from hot bodies. Lie’s theory of extended groups is used in order to obtain infinitesimal generators and in association with Noether’s theorem may be used to find appropriate first integrals of the equation. Non-local symmetries are used in conjunction with local symmetries in order to verify already obtained solutions and to obtain new solutions. For specified values of the shape factor solutions were obtained in this way within an infinite slab, infinite circular cylinder and sphere. Computational methods, such as finite differences, are used to obtain new numerical solutions which are useful indicators for the exactness of the solutions obtained via other means. We were unable to obtain solutions to certain specific cases because of the nature of the equation in question. New physical and mathematical insights are revealed through the solutions found and the comparisons made between them and other already existing solutions. dc.language.iso en en_US dc.title Symmetry investigation of a generalised Lane-Emden equation of the second-kind en_US dc.type Thesis en_US
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