Lithic technology and introduction of pottery in southern Africa

Show simple item record Modikwa, Baatlhodi 2009-05-26T08:58:19Z 2009-05-26T08:58:19Z 2009-05-26T08:58:19Z
dc.description.abstract Pottery and livestock reached lithic using people in southern Africa some 2000 years ago. It has been suggested that early ceramics were introduced from further north then spread to the southernmost tip of Africa by an immigrant Khoekhoe herder population. How pottery and small livestock spread in southern Africa is debated. Some scholars believe that migrating Khoekhoe herders were responsible while others state that networks of local hunter-gatherer groups gained livestock and pottery by exchange and diffusion. Some think that both migration and diffusion played a part. The aim of this study is to contribute to this debate by comparing lithic technology in pre-pottery and pottery assemblages in the Central Limpopo Basin and northern Botswana. An abrupt change in lithic technology across the 2000 BP boundary would favour the migration model while gradual or no change would favour the diffusion model. This study focuses on two contemporary sites with Bambata pottery. Assemblages from Toteng 1 and Mphekwane Rock shelter in northern Botswana and the Central Limpopo Basin are analysed. For lithic analysis at both sites, the chaînes opératoires approach is employed. Although the method is not commonly applied to southern African Later Stone Age assemblages, it has broad appeal and potential in other parts of the world. The essential difference between this approach and the commonly applied typological approach in southern Africa is that it encompasses the whole life history of lithic material, from the basic nodule to finished tools. The study focuses much on the technological analysis and this dominates the analytical part. However, typological analysis was also performed in the study in classifying different categories of formal tools. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Later Stone Age en
dc.subject Chaines operatoires en
dc.subject Bambata pottery en
dc.subject Lithic technology en
dc.subject Lithic typology en
dc.subject Toteng 1 en
dc.subject Mphekwane Rock Shelter en
dc.title Lithic technology and introduction of pottery in southern Africa en
dc.type Thesis en

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