Bushing diagnosis using artificial intelligence and dissolved gas analysis

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dc.contributor.author Dhlamini, Sizwe Magiya
dc.date.accessioned 2008-06-20T10:57:57Z
dc.date.available 2008-06-20T10:57:57Z
dc.date.issued 2008-06-20T10:57:57Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/4970
dc.description.abstract This dissertation is a study of artificial intelligence for diagnosing the condition of high voltage bushings. The techniques include neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy set theory, particle swarm optimisation, multi-classifier systems, factor analysis, principal component analysis, multidimensional scaling, data-fusion techniques, automatic relevance determination and autoencoders. The classification is done using Dissolved Gas Analysis (DGA) data based on field experience together with criteria from IEEEc57.104 and IEC60599. A review of current literature showed that common methods for the diagnosis of bushings are: partial discharge, DGA, tan- (dielectric dissipation factor), water content in oil, dielectric strength of oil, acidity level (neutralisation value), visual analysis of sludge in suspension, colour of the oil, furanic content, degree of polymerisation (DP), strength of the insulating paper, interfacial tension or oxygen content tests. All the methods have limitations in terms of time and accuracy in decision making. The fact that making decisions using each of these methods individually is highly subjective, also the huge size of the data base of historical data, as well as the loss of skills due to retirement of experienced technical staff, highlights the need for an automated diagnosis tool that integrates information from the many sensors and recalls the historical decisions and learns from new information. Three classifiers that are compared in this analysis are radial basis functions (RBF), multiple layer perceptrons (MLP) and support vector machines (SVM). In this work 60699 bushings were classified based on ten criteria. Classification was done based on a majority vote. The work proposes the application of neural networks with particle swarm optimisation (PSO) and genetic algorithms (GA) to compensate for missing data in classifying high voltage bushings. The work also proposes the application of fuzzy set theory (FST) to diagnose the condition of high voltage bushings. The relevance and redundancy detection methods were able to prune the redundant measured variables and accurately diagnose the condition of the bushing with fewer variables. Experimental results from bushings that were evaluated in the field verified the simulations. The results of this work can help to develop real-time monitoring and decision making tools that combine information from chemical, electrical and mechanical measurements taken from bushings. en
dc.format.extent 1828934 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Bushings en
dc.subject Oil impregnated paper en
dc.subject neural networks en
dc.subject fuzzy set theory en
dc.subject missing data en
dc.subject relevance determination en
dc.title Bushing diagnosis using artificial intelligence and dissolved gas analysis en
dc.type Thesis en

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