The Victoria west: Earliest prepared core technology in the acheulean at canteen kopje and implications for the cognitive evolution of early hominids

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Li, H.
dc.contributor.author Kuman, K.
dc.contributor.author Lotter, M.G.
dc.contributor.author Leader, G.M.
dc.contributor.author Gibbon, R.J.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-06T13:08:32Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-06T13:08:32Z
dc.date.issued 2017-06
dc.identifier.citation Li, H. et al. 2017. The Victoria west: Earliest prepared core technology in the acheulean at canteen kopje and implications for the cognitive evolution of early hominids. Royal Society Open Science 4 (6), Article number 170288. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2054-5703
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/23386
dc.description.abstract Prepared core technology illustrates in-depth planning and the presence of a mental template during the core reduction process. This technology is, therefore, a significant indicator in studying the evolution of abstract thought and the cognitive abilities of hominids. Here, we report on Victoria West cores excavated from the Canteen Kopje site in central South Africa, with a preliminary age estimate of approximately 1Ma (million years ago) for these cores. Technological analysis shows that the VictoriaWest cores bear similarities to the ‘Volumetric Concept’ as defined for the Levallois, a popular and widely distributed prepared core technology from at least 200 ka (thousand years ago). Although these similarities are present, several notable differences also occur that make the Victoria West a unique and distinctive prepared core technology; these are: elongated and convergent core shapes, consistent blow directions for flake removal, a predominance of large side-struck flakes, and the use of these flakes to make Acheulean large cutting tools. This innovative core reduction strategy at Canteen Kopje extends the roots of prepared core technology to the latter part of the Early Acheulean and clearly demonstrates an increase in the cognitive abilities and complexities of hominids in this time period. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Royal Society en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.subject Cognitive evolution en_ZA
dc.subject Early Acheulean en_ZA
dc.subject Levallois en_ZA
dc.subject Prepared core technology en_ZA
dc.subject Victoria West en_ZA
dc.subject NORTHERN CAPE PROVINCE en_ZA
dc.subject GESHER-BENOT-YAAQOV en_ZA
dc.subject SOUTH-AFRICA en_ZA
dc.subject STONE-AGE en_ZA
dc.subject SOCIAL BRAIN en_ZA
dc.subject MIDDLE en_ZA
dc.subject ARCHAEOLOGY en_ZA
dc.subject ORIGINS en_ZA
dc.subject ISRAEL en_ZA
dc.subject KONSO en_ZA
dc.title The Victoria west: Earliest prepared core technology in the acheulean at canteen kopje and implications for the cognitive evolution of early hominids en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 4 en_ZA
dc.journal.title Royal Society Open Science en_ZA
dc.description.librarian EM2017 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10.1098/rsos.170288 en_ZA
dc.citation.issue 6 en_ZA
dc.funder Chinese Academy of Sciences Pioneer Hundred Talents Program, the Chinese Academy of Sciences Strategic Priority Research Program (no. XDPB05) and by a grant in the China-South Africa Bilateral Programme in Palaeolithic Archaeology to K.K. (National Research Foundation of South Africa, grant no. 88480). en_ZA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search WIReDSpace


Browse

My Account