Effects of IL-2,IL-6,IL-7 and IFN on the proliferation,survival,induction and reduction of spontaneous in-vitro apoptosis of B CLL cells

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dc.contributor.author Seahloli, Michael Sello
dc.date.accessioned 2007-02-14T11:50:19Z
dc.date.available 2007-02-14T11:50:19Z
dc.date.issued 2007-02-14T11:50:19Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/1982
dc.description Student Number : 9708297R - MSc (Med) dissertation - School of Medicine - Faculty of Health Sciences en
dc.description.abstract B chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) is a monoclonal haematopoietic disorder with expansion of small lymphocytes of B-cells. B-CLL cells accumulate in blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes and spleen, resulting in enlargement of these organs and decreased bone marrow function. B-CLL is the most common leukaemia, with an annual incidence of 1.8 to 3.0 per 100 000 population in the United States. It is characterised by the accumulation of long-lived monoclonal CD5+ B lymphocytes. In vivo normal B-lymphocytes derive growth factors through interactions with T-cells and monocytes. In culture however, survival and growth of activated B-cells depends on the availability of external factors such as interleukins. B-CLL cells populations are unable to survive in culture long enough to respond to the addition of growth factors. Such factors are important for the proliferation and survival of many cell types and in the absence of cytokines, these cells die as a result of apoptosis. Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells are influenced in vitro by a number of exogenously added cytokines that include IFN- α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, IL-15, TGF- β and TNF- α. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cytokines e.g., IFN, IL-2, IL-6, IL7 and IL-10 on the proliferation and survival of B-CLL cells and furthermore to compare the induction and reduction of spontaneous and induced apoptosis in vitro. Patients with B-CLL were recruited from three centres. Thirty blood samples were collected, separated using Ficoll Hypaque Gradient and purified by rosetting with AET treated SRBC. The proliferation and survival of B-CLL cells were studied in vitro in response to GM-CSF, IFN, IL-2, IL-6, IL7 and IL-10,. The survival and apoptosis of B-CLL cells in cultures with or without interleukins and other growth factors were studied under microscopic examinations and DNA agarose gel electrophoresis. It was observed in B-CLL cells cultures that IFN and IL-2 enhanced proliferation significantly. IL6, IL-7 and GM-CSF also enhanced proliferation of B-CLL cells but not to the greater extent than IL2 and IFN. IL-10 inhibited proliferation of B-CLL cells when compared to controls. In a long-term (5-day) culture, survival of B-CLL cells was greatly enhanced by IFN and followed by IL-2. Therefore it appeared that IFN and IL-2 are the two most potent growth factors tested in this study to promote B-CLL cells proliferation and survival. The combination of these mitogens did not further enhanced proliferation. IL-6 and GM-CSF enhanced proliferation and survival of B-CLL cells. IL-7 promoted proliferation but had no effect on survival of B-CLL cells in-vitro. IL-10 enhanced apoptosis and did not promote survival of B-CLL cells in-vitro. IFN and IL2 are survival and promoting growth factors for B-CLL cells in culture. In contrast, IL-10 has demonstrated to induce apoptotic cell death of B-CLL cells. In conclusion B-CLL cells proliferated equally well with IFN and IL-2. IL-6, IL-7 and GM-CSF had a much lower proliferation and survival effect with noticeable antiapototic activity when compared to IFN and IL-2. IL-7 was found not to promote survival of B-CLL cells and IL-10 enhanced cell death by apoptosis. en
dc.format.extent 1648601 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject B chronic lymphocytic leukaemia en
dc.subject B-CLL en
dc.subject B-cells en
dc.subject monoclonal haematopoietic disorder en
dc.subject leukaemia en
dc.subject monoclonal CD5+ B lymphocytes en
dc.subject apoptosis en
dc.title Effects of IL-2,IL-6,IL-7 and IFN on the proliferation,survival,induction and reduction of spontaneous in-vitro apoptosis of B CLL cells en
dc.type Thesis en

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