The knowledge, attitudes,practices and prevalence of alcohol and cannabis use amongst South African diamond miners

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dc.contributor.author Onwukwe, Victor Nnanna
dc.date.accessioned 2006-11-17T08:16:46Z
dc.date.available 2006-11-17T08:16:46Z
dc.date.issued 2006-11-17T08:16:46Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/1833
dc.description Faculty of Health Sciences School of Public Health 0003100h Vicon@tiscali.co.za en
dc.description.abstract The causative association between alcohol, cannabis use and accidents in the workplace have been shown in some studies. The adverse effects of these on employee’s health, work performance, public and industrial safety have also been researched internationally. But there still remains a paucity of information on the knowledge, attitudes, practices and prevalence of alcohol and cannabis use on diamond mines in South Africa even though anecdotal evidence suggests widespread use that is on the rise. As a result of this, effective intervention strategies to stem the rise have not been developed. This study assessed the knowledge, attitudes, practices and prevalence of alcohol and cannabis use amongst South African diamond miners. It was a cross-sectional analytical study which ascertained the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the miners in relation to alcohol and cannabis use through face to face structured interviews. The prevalence of alcohol was ascertained through breathalyser testing and that of cannabis through urine tests. The study site was a large diamond mine located in the northern part of South Africa. Individual written informed consent was obtained from each of the participants before questionnaire interviews, breathalyser and urine tests were carried out. All the interviews and tests were anonymous and unlinked. None of the test methods were invasive. The questionnaire was tested in a pilot survey. This research was commissioned by the Safety in Mines Research and Advisory Committee (SIMRAC). vii The reported prevalence for alcohol was 44% whilst the tested prevalence was 1.4%.For cannabis, the reported prevalence was 2.0% whilst the tested prevalence was 2.8%.The significant factors associated with alcohol use were higher educational qualification and type of work. Full time employees were more likely to have ever used alcohol. Reported users of alcohol and cannabis started before starting work on the mines. An overwhelming majority of the participants reported that alcohol and cannabis use could lead to accidents on the mines. A large majority reported that intervention strategies such as education, regular testing of employees and entertainment will decrease the use of alcohol and cannabis. Possible explanations for the patterns observed in the use of these substances have been given and suggestions on how to influence the use of these substances have been made. en
dc.format.extent 114630 bytes
dc.format.extent 264188 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Knowledge en
dc.subject Attitude en
dc.subject Practices en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.title The knowledge, attitudes,practices and prevalence of alcohol and cannabis use amongst South African diamond miners en
dc.type Thesis en


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