Investigations into the use of Ring Closing Metathesis to form 5-, 6-, 7- and 8-membered benzo-fused heterocylces

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dc.contributor.author Panayides, Jenny-Lee
dc.date.accessioned 2006-11-01T12:37:49Z
dc.date.available 2006-11-01T12:37:49Z
dc.date.issued 2006-11-01T12:37:49Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/1579
dc.description Student Number : 0002306V - MSc dissertation - School of Chemistry - Faculty of Science en
dc.description.abstract The first part of the dissertation involves the use of ring closing metathesis (RCM) and ruthenium mediated isomerisation-RCM tandem reactions to form a wide range of nitrogencontaining benzo-fused heterocycles. Those synthesized include the 6-membered isoquinolines, the 7-membered benzazepines and the 8-membered benzazocines. In order to put these compounds into perspective, a review of selected naturally occurring nitrogencontaining benzo-fused heterocycles is included along with some of their synthetic approaches. Of major significance is our utilization of the Wits methodology allowing one to access the 6-, 7- and 8-membered ring systems from a common synthetic intermediate. The 1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-2-benzazocines were all obtained after RCM in excellent yields (82-99%). We were also able to show that some ofthe protecting groups used were easily removed and that the ring could be hydrogenated after RCM to yield the 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydro-2- benzazocines. The isoquinolines were synthesized in 78% and 27% yield for the Ac- and Tsprotected compounds respectively, with no product isolated for the Boc- or SO2Bn-protected compounds. These poor results, caused a change to our strategy and we then used a “combinatorial-type” approach for the synthesis of the 2,5-dihydro-1H-2-benzazepines and the 2,3-dihydro-1H-2-benzazepines with yield of 9, 47, 58 and 82% and 8, 26, 39 and 82% obtained respectively for the RCM reaction Futhermore, we attempted the synthesis of the substituted 4-phenyl isoquinolines and 5-phenyl benzazepines, but we found that the systems would not undergo RCM even at high temperatures and with large amounts of Grubbs II metathesis catalyst. A short review is given in the second part of the dissertation concerning the naturally occurring and pharmaceutically useful indenols, indenones and indanones. It further highlights how our methodology was extended to include the synthesis of 4-isopropoxy-5- methoxy-1H-inden-1-ol (X), 4-isopropoxy-5-methoxy-1H-inden-1-one (X) and 4-isopropoxy- 5-methoxy-1H-indanone (X) through the use of ruthenium-mediated isomerisation and RCM from a similar common intermediate. We have shown the synthesis of 3-substituted indenols, indenones and indanones using the same synthetic procedure, but by changing the reaction temperature during RCM. This dissertation also answers many of the questions posed during the post-doctoral work of Coyanis. Namely, we were able to support our proposed mechanism that the conversion of the unsubstituted indenol to the indenone was occurring via a dehydrogenative-oxidation, through the use of 1H NMR studies that were coupled with an ICP-MS analysis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported use of the Grubbs II catalyst (or its degradation products) in a tandem RCM-oxidation procedure by our group recently. en
dc.format.extent 2940802 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject ring closing metathesis en
dc.subject benzo-fused heterocycles en
dc.subject grubbs II catalyst en
dc.subject benzazocines en
dc.subject benzazephines en
dc.subject dihydroisoquinolines en
dc.title Investigations into the use of Ring Closing Metathesis to form 5-, 6-, 7- and 8-membered benzo-fused heterocylces en
dc.type Thesis en


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    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of the Witwatersrand, 1972.

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