Health beliefs and HIV risk among employees : a comparative study.

Show simple item record Mncube, Bongiwe Busisiwe 2012-07-11T10:22:43Z 2012-07-11T10:22:43Z 2012-07-11
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to investigate and compare health beliefs among employees. The study looked at the African Traditional Model and the Medical Model in relation to HIV risk among employees in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. The study sample was made up of 96 participants, all African, and predominately female. The study established employees` health beliefs by asking them to indicate their health beliefs on the Biographical Questionnaire provided in the study. HIV risk among employees was assessed through the use of HIV Risk-Taking Behaviour Scale (HRBS), Attitude to Condom Use, a sub-scale of the Sexual Risks Scale (SRSA) and Sexual Risk Cognitions Questionnaire (SRCQ). A comparison of HIV risk between the two groups of employees was achieved by performing ANOVA. In addition, the study conducted secondary analyses using correlations to establish relationships between variables. The results obtained in this study showed a statistically significant difference in HIV risk between employees who believed in the African Traditional Model and those who believed in the Medical Model in HIV prevention. Secondary correlational analyses between variables showed a significant, negative relationship between participants` attitude toward condom use and their sexual risk cognitions. The results indicated that employees who had a positive attitude towards condom use reported low sexual risk cognitions towards unsafe behaviour. In contrast, employees who had a negative attitude towards condom use showed high sexual cognitions towards unsafe sexual behaviours. Directions for future studies could focus on education and training strategies to reduce negative health beliefs among employees in the fight against HIV and AIDS in South Africa. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.subject Health beliefs en_ZA
dc.subject African traditional model en_ZA
dc.subject Medical model en_ZA
dc.subject HIV risk en_ZA
dc.subject Employees en_ZA
dc.subject Eastern Cape en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa en_ZA
dc.title Health beliefs and HIV risk among employees : a comparative study. en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA

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