Burden of respiratory disease among paediatric patients infected with HIV/AIDS

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dc.contributor.author Da Cunha, Natalia Cristina Picarra
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-19T07:50:12Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-19T07:50:12Z
dc.date.issued 2012-01-19
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/11096
dc.description.abstract HIV is a prominent infection in society and its health implications are seen in the paediatric wards daily. Despite its multi-system effect on the body, it particularly results in many respiratory infections. Effective understanding of the disease profile and management of patients with HIV relies on correct statistics and proper use of resources. Since the introduction of anti-retrovirals in 2004 in South Africa, the impact of HIV/AIDS on respiratory disease needs to be re-evaluated. The purpose of the study is to understand the disease profile of children with HIV/AIDS with regard to the presence of respiratory conditions with which they present, the need for chest physiotherapy and their health status. Of the 125 patients recruited in this study 55% were boys, average age was 20.55 months (SD= 23.64), average length of hospital stay of 2 ½ weeks (mean=18.76, SD=19.19), 80% discharged and 9.6% died. The most common respiratory conditions presented included bacterial pneumonia (66.4%), tuberculosis (48%) and pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (23.2%). The least common condition was lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis (4.8%). Two thirds of the children (68.8%) presented with a high burden of disease. Physiotherapy treatment was indicated for 96% of the patients mainly due to excess secretions and poor air entry. About forty percent (40.8%) of children were taking anti-retrovirals with an average length of use of 9.81 months (SD=11.61). Three out of four (75%) mothers were not involved in a PMTCT program. The analysis of immune status revealed a mean CD4 percentage 17.33% (SD=10.96), CD4 absolute 631.36 cell/mm3 (SD=610.36) and viral load 2.6 million copies /ml (SD=9.08 million copies/ml). A higher burden of disease was related to the use of anti-retrovirals, a lower immunity, female patients, longer length of hospital stay and incidences of mortality occuring at later periods of hospital stay. Results of this study highlight the characteristics of respiratory disease burden among children with HIV in a South African setting in a post HAART era. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject.mesh HIV en-US
dc.subject.mesh Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome en-US
dc.title Burden of respiratory disease among paediatric patients infected with HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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