Postcranial osteology of the neotype specimen of Massospondylus carinatus Owen, 1854 (Dinosauria: Sauropodomorpha) from the upper Elliot formation of South Africa

Show simple item record Barrett, Paul M. Chapelle, Kimberley E.J. Staunton, Casey K. Botha, Jennifer Choiniere, Jonah N. 2019-04-23T11:12:46Z 2019-04-23T11:12:46Z 2019-04
dc.identifier.issn 2410-4418
dc.description.abstract Massospondylus carinatus Owen, 1854, from the earliest Jurassic upper Elliot Formation of South Africa, was one of the first dinosaurs to be described from Gondwana. It has been incorporated into numerous phylogenetic, palaeobiological and biostratigraphic analyses, is often viewed as an exemplar for understanding sauropodomorph anatomy and is a key taxon in studies of early dinosaur evolution. Since its initial description, numerous specimens have been referred to this species, ranging from isolated postcranial elements to complete skeletons with three-dimensional skulls. In addition,M. carinatus has been identified in areas outside of the main Karoo Basin. Surprisingly, however, there have been few attempts to define the taxon rigorously, so that the basis for many of these referrals is weak, undermining the utility of this abundant material. Here, we provide the first detailed postcranial description of the neotype specimen ofM. carinatus, use it as a basis for diagnosing the species on the basis of cranial, axial and appendicular characters, demonstrate that it represents an adult individual on the basis of osteohistology, and discuss ways in which these data can assist in providing a better understanding of Karoo-aged African dinosaur faunas. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Royal Society International Exchange Grant (jointly to P.M.B. and J.N.C.) Earth Sciences Departmental Investment Fund of the Natural History Museum, London (to P.M.B.) National Research Foundation (UID 104688, 98819: to J.B.-B.) The Palaeontological Scientific Trust (PAST: to K.E.J.C. and J.B.-B.) DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Palaeosciences (CoE-Pal: to K.E.J.C., J.B.-B. and J.N.C.). *PAST also awarded generous funds for conservation of the specimen to Bernhard Zipfel, University Curator of the Evolutionary Studies Institute en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Evolutionary Studies Institute en_ZA
dc.rights Copyright 2019 the Authors en_ZA
dc.subject Massospondylidae en_ZA
dc.subject postcranial anatomy en_ZA
dc.subject osteohistology en_ZA
dc.subject taxonomy en_ZA
dc.title Postcranial osteology of the neotype specimen of Massospondylus carinatus Owen, 1854 (Dinosauria: Sauropodomorpha) from the upper Elliot formation of South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 53 en_ZA
dc.journal.title Palaeontologia africana en_ZA
dc.description.librarian JNC2019 en_ZA
dc.funder Palaeontological Scientific Trust (PAST) en_ZA 0000-0003-0412-3000 en_ZA 0000-0002-9991-0439 en_ZA 0000-0001-8824-9334 en_ZA 0000-0002-1008-0687 en_ZA

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