Modelling open pit shovel-truck systems using the Machine Repair Model.
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The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.
Shovel-truck systems for loading and hauling material in open pit mines are now routinely analysed using simulation models or off-the-shelf simulation software packages, which can be very expensive for once-off or occasional use. The simulation models invariably produce different estimations of fleet sizes due to their differing estimations of cycle time. No single model or package can accurately estimate the required fleet size because the fleet operating parameters are characteristically random and dynamic. In order to improve confidence in sizing the fleet for a mining project, at least two estimation models should be used. This paper demonstrates that the Machine Repair Model can be modified and used as a model for estimating truck fleet size in an open pit shovel-truck system. The modified Machine Repair Model is first applied to a virtual open pit mine case study. The results compare favourably to output from other estimation models using the same input parameters for the virtual mine. The modified Machine Repair Model is further applied to an existing open pit coal operation, the Kwagga Section of Optimum Colliery as a case study. Again the results confirm those obtained from the virtual mine case study. It is concluded that the Machine Repair Model can be an affordable model compared to off-the-shelf generic software because it is easily modelled in Microsoft Excel, a software platform that most mines already use. This paper reports part of the work of a MSc research study submitted to the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
This paper reports part of the work of a MSc research study submitted to the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Bunching , Cycle time , Matching , Optimum Colliery , Probability distributions , Queuing , Shovel-truck , Simulation , Machine Repair Model , Pit mines , Open pit mining
Krause, A. and Musingwini, C. 2007. Modelling open pit shovel-truck systems using the Machine Repair Model. Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 107(8), pp. 469-476.