Evaluation of Physicochemical Properties of South African Cashew Apple Juice as a Biofuel Feedstock.

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dc.contributor.author Deenanath, E.D.
dc.contributor.author Rumbold, K.
dc.contributor.author Daramola, M.
dc.contributor.author Falcon, R.
dc.contributor.author Iyuke, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-28T15:09:36Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-28T15:09:36Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Deenanath, E.D. et al. 2015. Scientifica: 764196 en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2090-908X (Online)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/21094
dc.description.abstract Cashew apple juice (CAJ) is one of the feedstocks used for biofuel production and ethanol yield depends on the physical and chemical properties of the extracted juice. As far as can be ascertained, information on physical and chemical properties of South African cashew apple juice is limited in open literature. Therefore, this study provides information on the physical and chemical properties of the South African cashew apple juice. Physicochemical characteristics of the juice, such as specific gravity, pH, sugars, condensed tannins, Vitamin C, minerals, and total protein, were measured from a mixed variety of cashew apples. Analytical results showed the CAJ possesses specific gravity and pH of 1.050 and 4.52, respectively. The highest sugars were glucose (40.56 gL(-1)) and fructose (57.06 gL(-1)). Other chemical compositions of the juice were condensed tannin (55.34 mgL(-1)), Vitamin C (112mg/100 mL), and total protein (1.78 gL(-1)). The minerals content was as follows: zinc (1.39 ppm), copper (2.18 ppm), magnesium (4.32 ppm), iron (1.32 ppm), sodium (5.44 ppm), and manganese (1.24 ppm). With these findings, South African CAJ is a suitable biomass feedstock for ethanol production. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Hindawi Publishing Corp en_ZA
dc.rights Copyright © 2015 Evanie Devi Deenanath et al.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en_ZA
dc.subject ANACARDIUM-OCCIDENTALE L. en_ZA
dc.subject ETHANOL-PRODUCTION en_ZA
dc.subject CONDENSED TANNINS en_ZA
dc.subject FERMENTATION en_ZA
dc.subject SUBSTRATE en_ZA
dc.subject PROANTHOCYANIDINS en_ZA
dc.subject PRODUCTS en_ZA
dc.subject CAPACITY en_ZA
dc.subject PHENOLS en_ZA
dc.subject BAGASSE en_ZA
dc.title Evaluation of Physicochemical Properties of South African Cashew Apple Juice as a Biofuel Feedstock. en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 2015 en_ZA
dc.journal.title Scientifica en_ZA
dc.description.librarian SP2016 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10.1155/2015/764196 en_ZA


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