Evolution of Telecommunications Policy Reforms in East Africa: Setting New Policy Strategies to Anchor Benefits of Policy Reform

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dc.contributor.author Mureithi, Muriuki
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-28T20:41:26Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-28T20:41:26Z
dc.date.issued 2002-12-15
dc.identifier.citation Mureithi, M. (2002). Evolution of telecommunications policy reforms in East Africa: Setting new policy strategies to anchor benefits of policy reform. The Southern African Journal of Information and Communication (SAJIC), 3. https://doi.org/10.23962/10539/19829 en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn ISSN 1607-2235 (print version)
dc.identifier.issn ISSN 2077-5040  (online version)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/19829
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.23962/10539/19829
dc.description.abstract This paper is a strategic evaluation of telecommunications policy reform over a ten-year period 1993-2002. The focus of the paper is the three countries of East Africa - Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The evaluation is framed against policy objectives set out by the three governments and their outcomes as measured against relevance to stakeholders, performance by implementers based on the space created by the reforms, and success in terms of sustainability and impact. The paper finds that the short term gains of fast expansion of the communications system cannot be sustained in the long term. The policy design based on foreign capital and skills at the expense of local entrepreneurial capacity building exposes the region to vulnerabilities of the international market. The policy design did not provide tools to intervene in the market in the consumer interest. A further finding is that competition has resulted in a significant consolidation of market power with a consequent shift of monopoly power from government to the private sector. Finally, in practice the private sector operations have increased the disparity in the distribution of the infrastructure between urban and rural consumers. A new policy design should focus on long-term local entrepreneurial capacity building, effective policy tools to sustain competition and universal service programmes to address rural disparity.
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher LINK Centre, University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), Johannesburg en_ZA
dc.title Evolution of Telecommunications Policy Reforms in East Africa: Setting New Policy Strategies to Anchor Benefits of Policy Reform en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.citation.doi https://doi.org/10.23962/10539/19829

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  • SAJIC Issue 3, 2002
    Articles on building network knowledge economies, B2B e-commerce, telecommunications reform and poverty alleviation, evolution of telecommunications policy reforms, technical and policy advances in rural telecommunications, the international ICT and development discourse, convergence regulation

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